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Structure of Plants

Plants develop specialized roots, stems, leaves, and flowers to make them better adapted to their environment. People exploit many of these modifications as vegetables. An example of this is the taproot of carrots. The carrot plant stores sugars in the taproot to supply energy for the formation of flowers in later development. People dig up and eat the taproots while the sugar content is still high.

Part 1
Describe the anatomy (structure) and physiology (function) of your favorite vegetable. Is the structure a modification from the standard root, stem, leaf, or flower?
Explain how this structure differs from the standard root, stem, leaf, or flower.

Part 2
Plants are important for humans in ways other than providing food. Medicines, clothing, beauty, fuel, air quality, building materials, and industrial products are a few of the ways in which humans exploit plants.

Choose 1 product or benefit that people get from plants (besides food), describe it, and explain how people benefit.
Which do you think is the most important benefit of plants?
Provide any references .

Solution Preview

Part 1
Tomatoes are a very tasty vegetable that I chose because I eat it everyday. The tomatoe resemble many plants in that it has a root, leaves, flowers, and fruits. To appreciate the structure of the tomato, we will look its anatomy.

Flower anatomy
Tomato has flowers and and fruits that function in the reproduction of the plant. The tomato plants have yellow flowers that are full bloom and occur in a simple inflorescence or a complex inflorescence. There are two different kinds of inflorescences: a raceme inflorescence in which flowers branch off laterally from the main shoot that grows indefinitely. In a cyme inflorescence, the shoot apex differentiates into a flower. The tomato flower exists in three organizational patterns below. There is a single flower, a simple cyme, and a dichotymously branched cyme. The tomato flower is organized into four organs called the sepal, the petal, the stamen, the carpels, and the pedicel. The tomato flower eventually develop into a fruit by going through many stages. First , the buds develop into an immature flowers. Second, it goes into a mature flowers and the flower is fertilized into a developing fruit and a mature fruit.

The mature flower either fertilized into a fruit or will be abscissed. ...

Solution Summary

The in-depth solution explores the structure of the tomato plant and explores its uses in products.