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Microbiology - HIV and AIDS

Choose an infectious disease that was prevalent in the United States and had lasting consequences or select a disease from the following:

AIDS/HIV
Cholera
Influenza
Malaria
Tuberculosis
West Nile Fever
Yellow fever

Based on your research and understanding, create a report in a Microsoft Word document that includes the following:

A brief description of your chosen infectious disease along with your reasons for choosing the disease.

Information on the work conducted by government departments to mitigate the impact of your chosen infectious disease.

Investigations, research studies, and other surveillance data analyses regarding your chosen infectious disease.

Instances of the emergence and re-emergence of your chosen disease.

A brief summary of the government's findings and investigations about your chosen disease.

Past, current, and ongoing research pertaining to your chosen disease.

Support your writing with relevant facts or figures and indicate your current knowledge of the infectious disease.

Support your responses with examples.

Solution Preview

AIDS
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a devastating disease cause by the human immunodeficiency virus (AIDS). It is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The HIV virus cause the disease HIV by attacking the body's own immune system. Over time, the HIV virus will spread throughout the body and kill most of the specific cells of the immune system called CD4 cells or T cells leading to the depletion of these important immune cells. The HIV virus can rapidly mutate or change its genome constantly. The HIV virus has the ability to rapidly mutate its genome, which enable it to evade the host immune system. Unlike other viruses, the human body cannot get rid of HIV because HIV has many variations that disguise itself from the human immune response. HIV has the upper advantageous when it infects the body because the body immune response can never get rid of it. The HIV virus originate in the chimpanzee in West Africa called simian immunodeficiency virus SIV. (1) SIV most likely was transmitted to humans when human hunted chimpanzees for meat and came in contact with infected chimpanzees blood. SIV later mutated into HIV in human. HIV is fatal if left untreated because the HIV virus will eventually outcompete the cells of the immune system leading to AIDS. (1)
There are several stages of HIV infection:
Acute infection occurs withing 2- 4 weeks after infection and you may fell sick with flu-like symptoms. During this period, large amount of HIV are being produced in your body. The virus uses CD4 cells to copy itself and destroy the CD4 cells as well. The ability to spread it is highest during this stage because the amount of virus in blood is high. Eventually, the immune response will begin to bring the level of virus back down,but this is temporary as the virus can still multiply.
Latency is the next stage when the HIV infection is asymptompatic, which means that HIV is still active but reproduce at a low levels. You may not have any symptoms at all during this time.
AIDS stage is when the HIV infections started to multiply at a rapid rate that it overwhelm the immune system. During this stage, the HIV virus almost kill all of the CD4 or T cells in your body. As a result, you may feel very sick to opportunistic infection. When the number of CD4 cells count fall below 200 ...

Solution Summary

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a devastating disease cause by the human immunodeficiency virus (AIDS). It is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The HIV virus cause the disease HIV by attacking the body's own immune system. Over time, the HIV virus will spread throughout the body and kill most of the specific cells of the immune system called CD4 cells or T cells leading to the depletion of these important immune cells.

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