Explore BrainMass

Explore BrainMass

    Applications of bioremediation

    Not what you're looking for? Search our solutions OR ask your own Custom question.

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    This solution describes what is meant by bioremediation and gives examples of ways in which it is used in the real world.

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 4, 2022, 11:48 am ad1c9bdddf
    https://brainmass.com/biology/human-biology/applications-of-bioremediation-312319

    SOLUTION This solution is FREE courtesy of BrainMass!

    Bioremediation is the process of using living organisms, usually bacteria, fungi or plants, to eliminate contaminants from the environment. The use of harmless naturally occurring micro-organisms to degrade harmful waste has a long history, and more recent approaches use genetically engineered organisms to perform specific chemical reactions. There are two basic forms of bioremediation. The first involves encouraging the growth of endogenous microbes by treatment with chemicals such as fertilizers that are favorable to their growth. The second involves the addition of a new microbe, specialized into the polluted environment to perform specific breakdown reactions. Here are a few examples:

    Cleanup of oil spills by treatment with fertilizers that encourage the growth of bacteria that can break down the hydrocarbons into less harmful chemicals.

    The use of fungi to clean up diesel fuel spills, where the aromatic hydrocarbons are reduced to non-toxic forms.

    Genetically engineered plants express a bacterial enzyme that can break down the explosive TNT, to decontaminate soil around former ammunition factories.

    Please let me know if you need more detail.

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 4, 2022, 11:48 am ad1c9bdddf>
    https://brainmass.com/biology/human-biology/applications-of-bioremediation-312319

    ADVERTISEMENT