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The link between the kins, kidneys, and immune system

This article reviews the common connections between integumentary system, urinary (renal) system, and immune system. Particular attention is paid to toxin elimination, vitamin D production, and protection from invading pathogens.

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The integumentary system is the organ system that protects the body from damage and helps it maintain homeostasis. In the animal kingdom, integument can include skin, hair, scales, feathers, nails, hooves, and claws. In human, the integumentary system is general made up of skin and its mucous membranes, nails, and hair.

The major purpose of the integumentary system is to maintain homeostasis. This includes everything from temperature regulation to fluid and pH balance. Of course, the integumentary system does not maintain homeostasis itself, but rather shares this job with many other organ systems. Of note, ...

Solution Summary

This article reviews the common connections between integumentary system, urinary (renal) system, and immune system. Particular attention is paid to toxin elimination, vitamin D production, and protection from invading pathogens. The goal is to understand how the skin works together with the urinary system and with the immune system to provide functions that each system alone could not provide.

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