Explore BrainMass
Share

The Central Dogma (DNA, RNA, Proteins)

This content was STOLEN from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

1. Why are these macromolecules (DNA and RNA) called nucleic ACIDS if they are made up of BASES?

2.Discuss how the different FUNCTIONS of DNA and PROTEIN result in
Different STRUCTURES. (or visa versa)

3. What gives DNA its helical nature?

4.Why does RNA use uracil instead of thymine

5.Why does RNA use ribose and DNA have deoxyribose

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 24, 2018, 10:03 pm ad1c9bdddf
https://brainmass.com/biology/genetics/the-central-dogma-dna-rna-proteins-146914

Solution Preview

Hello,

These are all amazing questions and I have done my best to answer them all.

1. Why are these macromolecules (DNA and RNA) called nucleic ACIDS if they are made up of BASES?

ANSWER: Remember that DNA and RNA are made up of a phosphate backbone, a pentose sugar and a series of nitrogenous bases. It is the phosphate backbone of DNA and RNA that makes it an acid.

2.Discuss how the different FUNCTIONS of DNA and PROTEIN result in Different STRUCTURES. (or visa versa)

ANSWER: When it comes to DNA we are usually interested in the sequence of base pairs that ...

Solution Summary

Why is DNA and RNA the way it is? This article reveals the truth about the nature of nucleic acids.

$2.19
See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Modeling mutations.

Please help with the following problem:

Use at following base sequence of one strand of an imaginary DNA Molecule:
AATGAACACATGCGCCC.
- Write the base sequence of one strand that would be transcribed from the given DNA
- Use the Codon wheel to determine the sequence of amino acids in the resulting protein fragment.

View Full Posting Details