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    Migraine vs. headache

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    The formal hypotheses - a detailed outline of the hypotheses of how caffeine correlates to migraine headaches.
    Complete a proposal of the statistical procedure that will employ a test of the hypothesis
    Section on the experimental design and the identification of the appropriate "variables" involved in the process
    Section on the statistical analyses that will provide an explanation of the statistical procedures that will be or are used

    Please calculate information in excel and word

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    Solution Preview

    Research analysis on caffeine effects on migraine headaches

    Caffeine is a commonly used drug that increases alertness, decreases fatigue, and improves muscle coordination. Though coffee comes to mind as the most common source of caffeine, it's also naturally found in tea and chocolate, and it is often added to soft drinks and non-prescription drugs like pain-relievers and cold remedies. People vary in their sensitivity to caffeine. If used excessively, caffeine can be too stimulating and cause anxiety, sleep problems, muscle twitching, or abdominal pain.
    Caffeine is a common ingredient in many prescription and over-the-counter headache medications (see list below). Caffeine additives make pain relievers 40% more effective in treating headaches. Caffeine also helps the body absorb headache drugs more quickly, bringing faster relief. By adding caffeine and, in turn, taking less medication, you can reduce the risk for potential side effects and possible drug addiction.
    Caffeine alleviates headaches acutely and is used medically for this purpose, generally in combination with a painkiller such as ibuprofen. However, chronic caffeine use and withdrawal can cause headaches. Research has consistently linked caffeine withdrawal to headaches, even in those who drink coffee in moderation. Additionally, studies have suggested that those that drink four or more cups of coffee a day experience headaches more often than controls, even without discontinuing their coffee consumption.
    It's rare to experience withdrawal symptoms if you use a moderate amount of caffeine. But if you use an excessive amount (more than 500mg a day which is equivalent to about five cups of coffee a day) and you do this regularly over a long period of time, then suddenly stopping could cause withdrawal symptoms. You can avoid caffeine withdrawal by limiting your daily consumption, being aware of sources of caffeine, and by gradually reducing your consumption rather than stopping abruptly.
    Because of the risk of withdrawal, you ...

    Solution Summary

    Check whether migraine and headache are correlated