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Effects of Diet and Weight Control

A study in The Journal of the American Medical Association describes the effects of diets on weight control. In the study, 311 women were randomly divided into four groups. The first group followed the Atkins diet, which is based on very low carbohydrate intake. The second group followed the LEARN (lifestyle, exercise, attitudes, relationships, nutrition) diet, which is based on low fat and high carbohydrate intake. The third group followed the Ornish diet, which is based on very high carbohydrate intake. The fourth group followed the Zone diet, which is based on low carbohydrate intake. Each group received weekly instruction for two months, and there was a follow-up one year from the beginning of the study. The mean weight losses of each group after one year on the diet are shown in the table below. (See attachment)

In Exercises 2-5, perform a two-sample z-test to determine whether the mean weight
losses of the two indicated groups are different. For each exercise, write your
conclusion as a sentence. Use a level of significance of 0.05. You must show or explain
how you arrived at your conclusions. Simply rejecting or failing to reject the null
hypothesis is not sufficient.

2. Test the weight losses of people in the Atkins group against those in the
LEARN group.
3. Test the weight losses of people in the Ornish group against those in the
Zone group.
4. Test the weight losses of people in the LEARN group against those in the
Zone group.
5. Test the weight losses of people in the Atkins group against those in the
Ornish group.
6. Suppose that in another study, 42 people used an herbal supplement and
a high-fiber, low-calorie diet to lose weight. The mean weight loss of this
group was 7.05 pounds and the standard deviation was 7.28 pounds.
(a) Test the mean weight loss of this group with the Atkins group described
previously. Use 0.01.
(b) Test the mean weight loss of this group with the Zone group described
previously. Use 0.01.
7. In which comparisons in Exercises 2-6 did you find a difference in weight
losses? Write a summary of your findings.

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Solution Summary

The solution provides step by step method for the calculation of testing of hypothesis for the weight loss data of different diet plans against each other to determine efficacy. Formula for the calculation and Interpretations of the results are also included.

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