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# Think about how correlation is often miscast as causation

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Think about how correlation is often miscast as causation. That is, cause is attributed to a variable when in fact, there is no causal relationship but only a correlation between the two variables.

Consider that of massive gun violence and being raised in a broken family when looking at correlations to use and explain as an example.

Using the clear examples, describe how correlation might be interpreted inappropriately as causation. Also describe the possible explanations for the correlation.

In the explanation state the research question, the dependent variables, list the data (in table format), the hypotheses tested, locate the critical region for Pearson correlation, compute Pearson's correlation, make a decision and state a conclusion, and generate the effect size (r2).

Please use hand calculations for all mathematical problems.

##### Solution Summary

The solution discusses how correlation is often as causation.

##### Measures of Central Tendency

Tests knowledge of the three main measures of central tendency, including some simple calculation questions.