What are management's roles and responsibilities in decision implementation? What factors affect decision implementation? How should these factors be addressed in order to assure the effectiveness of the decision?
1. What are management's roles and responsibilities in decision implementation?
The management often makes and/or oversees the plan and implements the decision. However, for more complex decisions, the involvement of other managers, and sometimes employees' Feedback is also important to reduce resistance and obtain by into the decision-making process, and the action steps. Often, the general manager will implement her or his decision; with involvement of other managing staff can participate in giving suggestions. However, the final decision will be the responsibility of the general manager.
2. What factors affect decision implementation?
General factors affect some decisions, such as time, cost of implementing the decision, resistance to change, personal and cognitive biases, and the acceptance of the decision in the organization as well as the resistance to change by the management. There are some generally agreed on cognitive biases can creep into our decision making processes, calling into question the correctness of a decision, including:
1. Selective search for evidence - We tend to be willing to gather facts that support certain conclusions but disregard other facts that support different conclusions.
2. Premature termination of search for evidence - We tend to accept the first alternative that looks like it might work.
3. Inertia - Unwillingness to change thought patterns that we have used in the past in the face of new circumstances.
4. Contrariness or rebelliousness - Unwillingness to share a view with a perceived oppressive authority.
5. Experiential limitations - Unwillingness or inability to look beyond the scope of our past experiences; rejection of the unfamiliar.
6. Selective perception - We actively screen-out information that we do not think is salient. (See prejudice.)
7. Wishful thinking or optimism - We tend to want to see things in a positive light and this can distort our perception and thinking.
8. Choice-supportive bias occurs when we distort our memories of chosen and rejected options to make the chosen options seem relatively more attractive.
9. Recency - We tend to place more attention on more recent information and either ignore or forget more distant information. The ...
This solution discusses the management's roles and responsibilities in decision implementation. It also discusses what factors affect decision implementation and these factors should be addressed in order to assure the effectiveness of the decision.