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Theory of Differential Association

•Scholars have applied the theory of differential association to explain white-collar crime, but have recognized the application of the social disorganization as well. Does applying social disorganization as a way to explain white-collar crime offer a good supplement to the Differential Association's explanation or does it seem an illogical fit?

•Using Sutherland's 2 elements of white-collar crime (offense and offender elements), please provide ana example of a white-collar crime. Be sure to include a reference entry and link to your example ;)

•It has been argued that the public is ignorant to the prevalence and impact of many white-collar and corporate crimes. Can you find any evidence to support of refute this statement?

•The inability to properly deter white-collar and corporate crimes is considered to be one of the factors which enable it to flourish in America. Provide a theory-based solution to address this concern.

Solution Preview

Differential Association (DA) is a generic causal model of crime that says criminals are made largely by interaction with deviant peers. In general, DA is accepted (Hochstetler, 2002) as a foundational theory because peers clearly influence people as well as offer opportunities for criminal events that otherwise would not exist.

The problem is that this approach is too general. It would suggest a model that says white collar crime will be committed mostly by those whose cultures (that is, corporate or departmental cultures) are already involved in crime or other a-moral or immoral activities. Sutherland, of course, goes on to explain that, given certain corporate regulations and accepted standards, it is almost a requirement that certain kinds of crime be a part of corporate life. Further, it suggests that "crime" is redefined socially as technical violations rather than immoral acts deserving of punishment. Sutherland, ...

Solution Summary

The theories of differential associations are examined.

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