Explore BrainMass

Explore BrainMass

    Criminology Theory & Concepts

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    Help with this two questions. Please write complete sentences. Be detail. ***Must be at least 3 pages for 1-3 questions**

    1. Why does crime occur, according to differential association theory? (1 page)
    2. Describe the theory's key concepts and propositions. (1 page)
    3.Discuss in detail three major criticisms of differential association theory. (1 page)
    4. Select five theories and do the following: classify, evaluate and discuss each policy implications. (Be very detail)

    Criminological Thought: Pioneers Past and Present
    Author: Robert J. Mutchnick, Indiana University of Pennsylvania
    Randy Martin
    W. Timothy Austin
    ISBN-13: 9780131190467
    Publisher: Prentice Hall Copyright: 2009

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 10, 2019, 8:17 am ad1c9bdddf

    Solution Preview

    In accordance with BrainMass standards, this is not a hand in ready assignment but is only background help.

    Step 1
    The differential association theory crime occurs because it is learned. The tendency to commit crime is not inherited. Crime occurs because the person learns this behavior from others such as family and friends. This behavior is not inherited genetically. Crime occurs because criminal behavior is learned through interpersonal communication. Crime occurs because it is learned from family and friends. Crime occurs because the person learns the techniques of specific crime, and develops motives, attitudes, and rationalizations for the crimes. When a person comes into contact with criminals they develop criminal behavior. The criminal behavior is learned. For example, a young individual comes into contract with a pickpocket; he learns the method practiced by the pickpocket. According to the differential association theory, crime is learned. The theory asserts that crime occurs because the values, attitudes, techniques, and motives are learned by potential criminals. For instance, a youth who is touch with a criminal learns from him that is morally right to steal from the rich. These actions are learned personally by the youth. External communications such as sermons by the preacher, or television shows against stealing have little impact on the person. The differential association theory says that extra=personal communications have little impact on the criminal. According to differential association theory crime occurs when the balance of definitions for law-breaking exceeds those for law-abiding. Social association with people reinforces the tendency to commit crime. The theory says that influence of high status people increases the propensity of the person to commit crimes. (253 words)
    Step 2
    The differential association theory's key concepts and propositions are that an individual is most ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution explains theories of criminology. The sources used are also included in the solution.