We are taking an approach using a (name of research design) with a (High or Low) number of participants over a 5 hour period of time at (Name of Location).
Discuss everything related to the participants here such as age, genders, nationality, status of any type, and how people were selected, such as which sample plan was used. Discuss rationale for why method of sampling will be used and how the actual recruitment will be performed.
Discuss every type of tool, materials, or instrument used in the experiment.
Discuss a sequence of events which would allow someone to duplicate your study. Discuss the exact sequence of events. The research method should be clearly identified. For example, was it a quantitative, between-subjects, or matched-groups design.
Discuss which variables are being measured, such as the independent and dependent measure, (List the specific variables after identifying them) and how the reliability and validity of the measures will be assessed. Which type of statistical tests will be utilized in this study?
The research design will use, for the most part, a cohort design, since it deals with geographic areas, namely inner cities. It is an open cohort study using regression for several reasons. First, we can assume that populations are dynamic, but not so dynamic that we cannot draw rational conclusions from them. Secondly, we need to compare different groups in the cities we have selected: Detroit, Charlotte, NC and Irvine, CA. The fact that they are so different from one another needs to be taken into consideration.
Our research study deals with the unprecedented breakdown of Detroit in nearly every social and financial category. Our basic hypothesis is that Detroit's meltdown is caused by anomie. But since that is not possible to measure, we can deal with its effects (or causes) such as family breakdown, crime rates and school drop out rates. These are not controversial as either causes or effects of anomie (Powell, 1966). The cause/effect question is insignificant, since it exists in one way or another in Detroit and likely has for some time. Chances are, there are no causal directions ascertainable.
We then contrast Detroit's destruction to cities that, while smaller, are doing well. We have chosen Charlotte and Irvine because they are heavily racially mixed, so the ethic factor is not an issue. While these are smaller, they have seen some suffering. Charlotte has seen its textile industry destroyed, while Irvine dealt with foreclosures after the meltdown of 2007. Yet, these cities are now growing and doing well. Why is Detroit different? We expect to find fewer signals of anomie such as stronger families and stronger identification with the law and the legal system in general (also cf Brady, 2001).
The question is whether or not we need actual physical samples. Most of our data is readily available from city authorities online. The Census Bureau has far too many data sets for us to use efficiently. Therefore, there is a chance that we can use a simple experimental design using regression. We will use different measures of anomie with different causal variables. We can experiment with several models relative to significance.
Our variables will include education, crime, dropout rates, change in population, and most importantly, single parent households. These variables will give us a handle on the state of affairs both socially and psychologically in the three areas. Chances are that we will not actually need to speak to live human beings. ...
The expert discusses the related participants for age, gender, nationality and the status of any type. Rationale for methods of sampling are given.
Annotated Bibliography on Psychology: Durkheim and Anomie
For this assignment, you will write an annotated bibliography using a minimum of three different sources from the KU Library. To help you get started, you can use the different studies that you shared with the class on the Discussion Board and in seminar this week. It is recommended that all of these articles be related to the topic that you will be doing your research proposal on: the articles annotated here can be those used as part of the background material in the research proposal. Be sure to choose actual scientific studies (not a meta-analysis or a literature review on a topic) that provide for a different perspective on your topic.
An annotated bibliography for research includes a listing of citations for each different source of information with each citation followed by a brief description of the study and a critical analysis of the research report. The purpose of an annotated bibliography is to help the researcher make sense of the many conflicting and sometimes contradictory results. Most researchers group the different studies together by topic or themes in order to see if a particular pattern emerges. Hopefully, you will begin to see this in your bibliography.
Upon completion, an annotated bibliography helps the researcher gain an understanding of the entire body of research on a particular subject (i.e., not just one study). In other words, putting together an annotated bibliography helps the researcher to get a broader sense of the results of many different studies on the same subject. In addition, an idea of how the different studies connect to one another and the important themes that are related to a topic often emerge in this process. This is an important first step to take when attempting to develop quality research questions and hypotheses.
Select a minimum of three and no more than five different research reports on a relevant topic of interest in the field of psychology. Do your best to include a few different types of sources in your bibliography (e.g., peer reviewed journal, newspaper, book, etc.). In addition, make sure that your sources are current (within the last five years).
At the beginning of the Assignment, please include a statement (one or two sentences) indicating what topic or concept connects the articles summarized.
Start off with the full text citation for each study in boldface. Be sure to list your different sources in alphabetical order.
Immediately after each full text citation, summarize the following details from the cited source:
A full citation of your source, formatted per APA style guidelines
A brief description of the research questions and hypotheses
The method and any criticisms
The conclusions and any concerns that you may have
A critical analysis of the quality and credibility of the study and author(s)
How this study connects to or contrasts with other studies on this subject
An explanation of how this study will shed new light on your topic
Make sure to provide enough details for the reader to get a clear sense of the study. Ideally you will have two "paragraphs:" the first covering the first four bullet points above, the second covering the remaining three.
After the three to five articles have been listed and annotated, end the Assignment with a couple of paragraphs describing how the process of putting together an annotated bibliography helps researchers to develop quality research questions and hypotheses.