Please help with comparing and contrasting the two theories. I am having trouble discussing their similarities and differences.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 7:39 am ad1c9bdddf
Social Deviance Theory is not a criminology-based theory in the sense of only representing one theoretical framework, but rather several different theories that attempt to explain deviant behavior in society. Any behavior that is in contrast to the social norms set forth by society is considered deviant. Therefore, behavior that could be legal, but unsavory in the eyes of society is also considered as deviant as criminal behavior. Social deviance theories attempt to explain why people engage in deviant behavior by analyzing different variables that could contribute to deviance such as family, socioeconomic status, environment, etc. Entailed within this framework of analysis in regard to social deviance theories is the notion that children learn through development and those who are reared in households that either lack good ...
The solution discusses the social deviance theory and the developmental theory.
There are three different groups of social theories: social process theories, social development theories, and social conflict theories. These theories are discussed, basically including the primary differences between the three perspectives and the shortcomings of each. Suggestions include the kinds of social policy initiatives that might be developed to reduce crime according to each perspective. Weaknesses and recommendations for improvement are included.
The Social Development Theory the belief is that a child's cognitive behavior begins on a social level in the child's relationships with others and leads to an individual concept inside himself. Weaknesses and suggestions for improvement in this area are discussed.
Two different emphases occur in the Conflict Perspective. They both purport that there are two social classes and their interests are opposite. One group believes that power comes through ownership, but the other attributes power to those in authority and that power is not necessarily the same according to the institution in which it exists. Again, the weaknesses are discussed along with suggestions for improvements.
Finally, social policy initiatives are suggested that could reduce crime and recidivism.