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Law Enforcement Strategies: Securing our Homeland

Read Chapters 3, 5 and 6 in Defending the Homeland.
White, Jonathan R. (2004) Defending the homeland: Domestic intelligence, law enforcement, and security. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.

Review the Department of Homeland Security Web site at http://www.dhs.gov/dhspublic/;
specifically, the Strategic Plan?Securing Our Homeland section, at
http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/strategicplan/. Scroll to the bottom of the page to download and review the Adobe Acrobat file.

Would a centralized system like the Department of Homeland Security or a decentralized system with deeper community connections better enable the U.S. to operate according to the goals of the Department of Homeland Security's Strategic Plan? Explain why you think one would be more effective than the other.

Respectfully argue your perspective, explaining why your opinion is valid. Support
your argument with case examples or statistics.

Solution Preview

Centralized Systems: Homeland Security's Strategic Plan

From DHS' website--

The Vision: "Preserving our freedoms, protecting America ... we secure our homeland."
The Mission: "We will lead the unified national effort to secure America. We will prevent and deter terrorist attacks and protect against and respond to threats and hazards to the nation. We will ensure safe and secure borders, welcome lawful immigrants and visitors, and promote the free-flow of commerce."

My Take

Organizations that are centralized have efficient information systems: communications, authority, division of responsibility are only among the many elements that allow for a well coordinated hierarchal organization. A bureaucratic structure is organically hierarchal, hence its predisposition to a centralized information system - power, control & authority are communication orientated allowing for efficient solutions to come to fore from the highest echelons of power into the ground in no time. Quick response, efficient data & intelligence gathering & coordination of all specialized law enforcement as well as the normal standing units & the administrative body is what holds the key in the success of Homeland Security's ...

Solution Summary

The solution is provided for a student who needed assistance in analyzing & understanding the department of Homeland Security's "Securing Our Homeland" program & strategies. The solution looks at the way power is shared as well as takes on an analysis of the organization to better understand the flow of authority & the idea of inter-agency cooperation that is required when responding to events & situations that need a coordinated effort from all levels of law enforcement and administration from local, state to federal. A word version is provided.

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