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An Exegesis on Matthew 6:9-13

Hello attached a paper on Matthew 6:9-13 The Lord's Prayer. .. can someone review the paper, and offer feedback on content, context grammar, and punctuation...

Follow the outline below and answer the questions in each section using recommended sources. Keep the outline headings below as the subheadings of your exegesis.
1. Literary Criticism
a. Context: What follows and precedes your passage? Are your pages affected by this context?
b. Form criticism: What is the literary form of your passage? Are there other places in the Bible (or related text) where this form is used and which help to interpret this passage?
c. Structure: Do you detect any particular structural pattern (e.g., parallelism within your assigned book of the Bible)? Describe the parts of your passage.
d. Redaction criticism: Has your passage come through an editorial process? What changes have been made? Explain why certain changes have been made.
e. Key words: What are the theologically important words in the passage? Do these words evoke any other parts of the Bible? Are these words used in a new way by the author of this passage? What do these words mean?

2. Theological Analysis
a. What does this passage say about the relationship with God?
b. What questions might this passage have addressed in the community for which it was originally written?
You should document your exegesis carefully. Be sure to use some material from the bibliography in the course Doc Sharing area for your exegesis, especially the biblical reference books. Below are some hints for successfully completing the paper:
1. Look up your passage in the New Testament.
2. Consult a general commentary (such as The Jerome Biblical Commentary, The New Jerome Biblical Commentary, or The Collegeville Bible Commentary).
3. Consult specific commentaries (see the course bibliography in Doc Sharing, e.g., Harrington's Matthew's Gospel, Fitzmyer's The Gospel According to Luke).
4. Conduct a periodical search of your passage, limiting search to full-text, peer-reviewed journals.

Use the checklist below to ensure that you are following the format properly:
1. Are all ideas documented (including page numbers)?
2. Are all quotations documented (including page numbers)?
3. Is there a works cited page?
4. Do the notes and bibliography include sources recommended by the syllabus?
5. Does the format include the headings from the syllabus?
6. Does each sentence make sense?
7. Does the "form" section clearly name a literary form?
8. Does the redaction section contrast the assigned passage with Mark's version (except for infancy narrative and Lord's Prayer)?
9. Does the key word section include more than one key word?
10. Does the key word section refer to Old Testament material?


Solution Preview

Matthew 6:9-13 - An Exegesis

In today's society prayer is the main focus of the majority of world religions, Christianity being one of them. From the early days of His ministry Jesus would point out the virtues of prayer, often taking the time to talk alone with the Father for days at a time. There are many forms of prayer; it can be private, public, in times of fasting or times of personal reflection. Jesus desired to help his disciples communicate more openly with the Father, and to educate future followers, on how to do the same. Jesus spent a great deal of time speaking on the topic of prayer. A perfect rendition is the Lord's Prayer, forming the foundation of Matthew 6:9-13. The Lord's Prayer is likely the most commonly recited prayer throughout Christianity. Some theologians fear its true meaning, context, and relevance have been lost through the generations. They argue the prayer is not supposed to be a simple prayer to be recited by routine, the prayer is designed to teach Jesus's disciples and followers about not only the importance of prayer itself, but also of the need for developing a spirit of forgiveness and of oneness with God the Father. With this in mind, it is important to look at the context of the prayer to formulate a commentary on its importance and to look at the theological implications that still apply to Christians to this day.

Literary Criticism
The focus of this particular prayer seems to be on the continued teaching that Jesus Christ was doing in regard to how his disciples should conduct prayer. In the beginning of the chapter verses one caution against practicing righteousness in front of others. Equally, later verses speak of giving to the needy in secret. Verses five and six point out the need to pray in private behind and closed doors. Jesus pointed out to His disciples that in the open he points the prayers seemed to be self-centered, as opposed to being centered on God. This can be seen in the detail effort that Jesus is putting forth to us in verses nine-13, expounds on this principle as Jesus wanted it to be understood first and foremost, the Lord's name is to be respected. Verse nine reminds us of the certainty that God's name is hallowed. This is in deference in verses seven and eight, which in some cases followers referenced their own name as they prayed. In addition, Jesus makes the shift in this passage towards a more public Father, with Him being addresses in verse nine as 'Our Father', as opposed to the urging us to 'pray to your Father' in verse six (O'Collins 360).
The Lord's Prayer is a change from the common prayers of the Old Testament. While many people today quote the Lord's Prayer at public gatherings, such as a fellowship meeting and other events this seems to take away from the context in which Matthew 6:9-13 was written. The prayer is designed to be more of an example for how we should pray, rather than what we should say while praying. Again focusing on our needs, Jesus uses this particular block teaching to ask us to take time to reflect on the needs of the Father. It is a move away from self-centeredness, towards a truly God-centered mindset that can enable followers to tap into what Jesus desires and wants for our individual lives and the world in general.

Form Criticism
As mentioned earlier, in the beginning of Chapter six, Jesus cautioned the disciples against praying as the pagans do. In fact, in verses seven and eight He urges followers to 'not be like them'; which is largely telling them to not be arrogant and self-righteous. The chapter begins with an admonishment for followers to try as hard as they can to not just say words while praying simply for word's sake. In fact, the Lord's Prayer consists of 57 words in the Greek, and only 54 words in many English translations. Upon further examination, Jesus teaches us that lengthy prayer is acceptable, as long as the purpose of the ...

Solution Summary

This posting comprises a Word document of over 2,700 words analyzing the meaning of chapter six of the Book of Matthew focusing on verses nine through 13. The student should be able to comprehend so as formulate theories of the prayer in this portion of the scriptures.