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Judaism and Christianity: A Brief Comparison

What makes Judaic law and theology different from other faiths of the period?

â?¢ What influences did Judaism have on the development of early Christianity?

â?¢ What major influences does Christianity still have in contemporary Western culture and society?

â?¢ Why is it important to understand how Judaism and Christianity have shaped Western thought?

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It looks like you have asked the following four questions:

1. What makes Judaic law and theology different from other faiths of the period?
2. What influences did Judaism have on the development of early Christianity?
3. What major influences does Christianity still have in contemporary Western culture and society?
4. Why is it important to understand how Judaism and Christianity have shaped Western thought[?].

Here are some things to think about with respect to the first question. The most obvious is the contrast between monotheistic Judaism and the polytheistic traditions found in places like Greece and Egypt. Check the Ten Commandments, but doesn't Hebrew scripture command Yahweh's people to worship only him? The fact that the Jews were (and still are) a people whose religion centers around adherence to and observance of a written code of laws makes them different from other religious traditions, such as those of the ancient Greeks, who had no text like the Torah to tell them what legal requirements they were expected to observe with respect to their gods.

As for the second issue, unless ...

Solution Summary

This solution provides various comparisons between Judaism and Christianity.

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