Help me write a strong precise on the historical aspects of the Islamic faith. Where does it come from and why?
What do the words Mohammed, Mecca, the Koran, the hajj and the muezzin mean to you?
What are the Christian counterparts for those words?
What are the Jewish counterparts for those words?
What are the Buddhist counterparts for these words?
What are the similarities and the differences?
Let's take a closer look.
1. Help me write a strong precis on the historical aspects of the Islamic faith. Where does it come from and why?
The origin of Islam can be traced back to 7th century Saudi Arabia. Islam is thus the youngest of the great world religions. The prophet Muhammad (circa 570-632 A.D.) introduced Islam in 610 A.D. after experiencing what he claimed to be an angelic visitation. Muhammad dictated the Qur'an, the holy book of Islam, which Muslims believe to be the preexistent, perfect words of Allah (see more detail at http://www.sinc.sunysb.edu/clubs/buddhism/glossary.html#B).
According to Islam, however, it has a longer history:
"The origin of Islam is generally accredited to the prophet Muhammad but to the devout Muslim, Islam began long before Muhammad ever walked the earth. The Qur'an was dictated by Muhammad but, according to the Qur'an, it did not originate with Muhammad. The Qur'an testifies of itself that God gave it through the angel Gabriel to the prophet Muhammad. "This is a revelation from the Lord of the universe. The Honest Spirit (Gabriel) came down with it, to reveal it into your heart that you may be one of the warners, in a perfect Arabic tongue" (Sura 26:192-195). "Say, 'Anyone who opposes Gabriel should know that he has brought down this (the Qur'an) into your heart, in accordance with God's will, confirming previous scriptures, and providing guidance and good news for the believers'" (Sura 2:97)" (www.allaboutreligion.org/origin-of-islam.htm).
2. What do the words Mohammed, Mecca, the Koran, the hajj and the muezzin mean to you?
The following definitions come from the Islam glossary:
(1) Mohammed (founder of Islam)
Mohammed was born in Mecca in 570 CE. He was orphaned early in his life and was raised by his uncle. Mohammed worked in his uncle's business and quickly established a reputation as a highly honest person. At the age of twenty he was hired by a wealthy widow named Khadija to manage her late-husband's caravan business. When Mohammed was 25, Khadija proposed marriage and Mohammed accepted. Although several children were born to them, only one survived into adulthood, their daughter Fatima. In 610, Mohammed sought out and began to have visions from Allah. Through the angel Gabriel, Allah transmitted the entire Koran to Mohammed. When Mohammed began to preach his new religion, the rulers of Mecca were strongly opposed. In 622, Mohammed was approached by the elders of a town some 250 miles to the north and asked to be their ruler. Mohammed accepted on the conditions that they would also accept him as a prophet and that he could bring his followers. The exodus to this town, Medina ...
The historical aspects of the Islamic faith are highlighted, including its origin and why. The meaning of several words are described, including Mohammed, Mecca, the Koran, the hajj and the muezzin. The counterparts for these words are then identified for several religions e.g. Christian, Jewish and Buddhist, including both similarities and differences. Supplemented with a comparison chart between Budhhism, Islam and Christianity.