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New Testament and the Beatitutes (Mat 5:1-16)

What is the purpose of the "Beatitudes" in the Gospel of Matthew? Explain how Jesus elaborates as to the true meaning of the Beatitudes.

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1. What is the purpose of the "Beatitudes" in the Gospel of Matthew? Explain how Jesus elaborates as to the true meaning of the Beatitudes.

The Beatitudes (Math 5:1-16)

Jesus begins the Matthew 5 with what we call the Beatitudes. Jesus' purpose of the Beatitudes is to give a picture of the type of person who will inherit God's kingdom.

Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled.
Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy.
Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God.
Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. (Math 5:1-16)

Jesus is in essence stating that those who understand their own depravity and are grieved because of it will be the ones who enter God's kingdom. Those who hunger and thirst for a righteousness they do not possess will be the ones who receive satisfaction. It is the poor in spirit and the persecuted who will inherit the kingdom.

Elaboration on the Poor in Spirit (5:17-48)

The hallmark of Judaism is the Law. God gave the Law to the Jews through Moses. It called people to a high moral ethic. The Pharisee Jews were proud of their ability to obey this Law. Jesus proclaims that He is going ...

Solution Summary

This solution explains the purpose of the "Beatitudes" in the Gospel of Matthew drawing on Jesus' elaboration to the true meaning of the Beatitudes.

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