Compare and contrast Piaget and Vygotsky in generalities, and also in terms of child development, learning standards and curriculum, social/emotional, cultural, and behavioral issues. How do these theories affect development and education?
Each topic is addressed below. Following many of the statements are numbers (#) which correspond to the sources listed at the end.
General Overview: Compare & Contrast of Theories:
*Both men have very sound theories and both aspects of both can be applied to education successfully (my opinion).
- P is a constructivist (children learn by fitting new information into pre-existing schema (1), while V is called both a behavorist and/or a constructivist, depending on who you ask (2)
- P: development occurs in four phases: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete, formal operations V: no set stages (1)
- Both generally would agree that children are active in learning process, rote learning and memorization is bad, whole language is promoted, students should collaborate, learning should be relevant ...
Compare Vygotsky and Piaget