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Theories of Addiction

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Briefly describe the main theories regarding the etiology and treatment of addictive disorders, including strategies for prevention. Which of these theories fits most closely with your own ideas and assumptions about addictive disorders?

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This solution examines theories of addiciton, treatment and prevention

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The main theories used to address addictive behaviors are behavioral and cognitive interventions.

(a) Behavioral approaches

Behavioral theories place emphasis on that which can be observed. Theories used to address addiction based on behaviors are used to explore how one becomes motivated to change behaviors, and/or how they translate motivation into actual behavior change (Webb, Sniehotta, & Michie, 2010). For example, one intervention used to treat addiction is based on goal setting theory. Goal setting interventions develop from evidence focused on the relationship between performance goals and subsequent performances. According to Webb et al., the theory suggests that two dimensions of goals influence performance - difficulty and specificity. Goal setting theory proposes that specified goals are more effective than do-itself goals (1884). Pertaining to goal difficulty, the theory proposes taking into consideration self-efficacy in performing a specific behavior (p. 1884).

Another behavioral ...

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