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How Brain Areas Support Cognitive Funtion

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Explain the role of the brain in cognitive functions. As a part of your explanation, describe what Phineas Gage's
accident revealed about how brain areas support cognitive function.

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Solution Summary

This solution discusses Phineas Gage, the man who survived a steel rod going into his brain. Many facts and issues related to Phineas Gage are addressed.

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If different parts of the brain are injured there can be an array of effects. This can be seen in stroke patients. If the stroke damages the left parietal lobe then the patient has issues with speech. Damage to the occipital lobe can cause issues with vision.

Younger patients tend to make better recoveries from brain injuries. Those over 40 seem to have more difficulties. However, if a child has damage to his frontal lobe that damage may not be noticed until later in life. Examples would be problem solving and interpersonal skills. The very young child does not used these so deficiencies in ...

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