This post discusses the differences, similarities, symptoms and treatment of Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The post also relates both ASD and PTSD to military personnel and what situations may cause either of these disorders.
Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) can be defined as "a mental disorder that can occur in the first month following a trauma" (United States Department of Veterans Affairs, 2013, para 1). It is often a precursor to the more chronic condition of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The symptoms of ASD do overlap with PTSD however, ASD is more acute, or short term in nature. In addition to those symptoms that are shared with PTSD, ASD is likely to involve symptoms such as:
- Feelings of not knowing where one is
- Feelings of being outside one's body
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can be defined as "a severe anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to any event that results in psychological trauma" (Wikipedia, 2013, para 1). A PTSD diagnosis cannot be given until the symptoms have lasted for at least one month and usually persist for around three months (United States Department of Veterans Affairs, 2013). The symptoms of PTSD are similar to those of ASD however, PTSD general symptoms include: ...
There are many similarities between Acute Stress Disorder and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. Military personnel are those who commonly suffer from these disorders for various reasons. There are many treatment options for these disorders. [Over 500 words and 4 references.]