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DSM Five-Axis Diagnosis

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Compare an anxiety disorder with an adjustment disorder (similarities and differences).
Explain factors that complicate a diagnosis of anxiety versus an adjustment disorder.
Using the case of Tony, explain how ethnicity and background may affect the diagnosis

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This solution compares anxiety and adjustment disorders

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NOTE: One must be careful when diagnosing Anxiety Disorders because based on the DSM characterization, anxiety is found in most mood and personality disorders. However, when anxiety is the primary symptom, then you are to following the DSM guidelines closely for diagnosing a patient with this disorder. An Acute Stress Disorder is a new classification in the DSM-IV-TR with similarities to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). However, when symptoms last beyond four weeks PTSD is the recommended diagnosis.

(1) Compare an anxiety disorder with an adjustment disorder [similarities and differences] (excluded PTSD)

*Based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR [APA], 2000) characterization, Adjustment disorders occur when a person may be responding to one or more stressors.

(a) Adjustment Disorder

For example, an adjustment disorder, Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) is based on the recognition that people briefly develop symptoms immediately after traumatic stress. The "essential feature of Acute Stress ...

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