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Work Stress and General Adaptation Syndrome

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Effects of Stress:

You are currently an associate at an advertising agency where you have worked for two years. You are pursuing a promotion to the position of advertising executive. While you have expected to put in extra hours and some added responsibility as part of earning the promotion, your boss has increased your workload significantly, including some projects which had been assigned to other associates. You have more deadlines than you think you can meet plus the creative pressure of creating new and innovative material for your campaign. Answer each of the following questions:

1. What steps of the general adaptation syndrome will I experience?
2. What emotional and cognitive effects might this stressor produce?
3. If this stress continues, how might it affect my health?
4. How might I resolve this situation effectively to reduce my stress?

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Q. 1: What steps of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) will I experience?
Under such stressful conditions the nervous system and the endocrine system get involved and the following stages of GAS would be experienced (Selye's tri-phasic model 1).
Stage 1: Alarm reaction: It is an immediate reaction to a stressor. It exhibits a "fight or flight" response, which prepares the body for physical activity.
Stage 2: Stage of resistance: During this phase, if the stress continues, the body adapts to the stressors it is exposed to. Changes at many levels take place in order to reduce the effect of the stressor.
Stage 3: Stage of exhaustion: If the stress continues for some more time, the body's resistance to the stress may gradually be reduced. The body's ability to resist disease may be almost totally eliminated.

Please view the attached file for a flow-chart diagram which pertains to this question.

Q. 2: What ...

Solution Summary

This solution is comprised of a detailed discussion on the subject of stress, the influence it has on our minds and bodies, along with how it can be managed. The solution is over 500 words, including one reference and an attached Word document which contains a flow-chart diagram pertaining to this response.

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Role ambiguity produces:
low stress.
high levels of relaxation.
strong job performance.
low clarity of job duties.
None of these statements are correct.

Forester, artist, and auto mechanic are jobs in which:
employees experience higher levels of stress.
employees experience much higher than average levels of workplace violence.
job burnout is most common.
stress is non-existent.
employees experience fewer stressors than in most other occupations.

Which of the following describes the stress experience?
General adaptation syndrome
Job burnout
Stressors
Strain-based conflict
Type A behavior pattern

Which of the following is known to reduce the adverse consequences of stress by lowering muscle tension and the breathing rate?
Physical exercise
Relaxation
Meditation
Physical exercise, relaxation, and meditation
Only mediation and relaxation, now physical exercise

One of the most disturbing effects of stress in modern society is that it increases the risk of_______________.
oversleeping
backaches
cardiovascular disease
low blood pressure
hiccups

Which of these represents the 'fight' rather than the 'flight' reaction to work-related stress?
Absenteeism
Job burnout
Workplace aggression
Cardiovascular disease
Both absenteeism and workplace aggression represent the 'fight' reaction to work-related stress.

The adaptive response to a situation that is perceived as challenging or threatening to the person's well-being is called________________.
self-leadership
job burnout
eutress
workaholism
stress

The three stages of the general adaptation syndrome, in order, are:
exhaustion, recovery, burnout.
exhaustion, resistance, alarm reaction.
emotional exhaustion, cynicism, reduced efficacy.
cynicism, resistance, reduced efficacy.
alarm reaction, resistance, exhaustion.

People who cope successfully in the face of significant change, adversity, or risk have:
a Type A behavior pattern.
a higher risk of job burnout.
the general adaptation syndrome.
a high level of job burnout.
a high level of resilience.

Which of the following is a role-related stressor?
Excessive workload
Sexual harassment
Layoffs
Lack of job security
All of these statements describe role-related stressors

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