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Work Stress and General Adaptation Syndrome

Effects of Stress:

You are currently an associate at an advertising agency where you have worked for two years. You are pursuing a promotion to the position of advertising executive. While you have expected to put in extra hours and some added responsibility as part of earning the promotion, your boss has increased your workload significantly, including some projects which had been assigned to other associates. You have more deadlines than you think you can meet plus the creative pressure of creating new and innovative material for your campaign. Answer each of the following questions:

1. What steps of the general adaptation syndrome will I experience?
2. What emotional and cognitive effects might this stressor produce?
3. If this stress continues, how might it affect my health?
4. How might I resolve this situation effectively to reduce my stress?

Solution Preview

Q. 1: What steps of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) will I experience?
Under such stressful conditions the nervous system and the endocrine system get involved and the following stages of GAS would be experienced (Selye's tri-phasic model 1).
Stage 1: Alarm reaction: It is an immediate reaction to a stressor. It exhibits a "fight or flight" response, which prepares the body for physical activity.
Stage 2: Stage of resistance: During this phase, if the stress continues, the body adapts to the stressors it is exposed to. Changes at many levels take place in order to reduce the effect of the stressor.
Stage 3: Stage of exhaustion: If the stress continues for some more time, the body's resistance to the stress may gradually be reduced. The body's ability to resist disease may be almost totally eliminated.

Please view the attached file for a flow-chart diagram which pertains to this question.

Q. 2: What ...

Solution Summary

This solution is comprised of a detailed discussion on the subject of stress, the influence it has on our minds and bodies, along with how it can be managed. The solution is over 500 words, including one reference and an attached Word document which contains a flow-chart diagram pertaining to this response.

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