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Identifying Theoretical Perspectives

Give a description of sexual and gender identity disorder and explain the disorder from two or more causal viewpoints. Please be specific.

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The consensus among mental health professionals is that factors such as same-sex behavior is no longer stigmatized as an abnormal behavior. However there are gender identity disorders that specifically affects one gender over the other. For example, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR [APA], 2000) has classified sexual disorders for women and men under "Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders" (p. 535). "The section contains Paraphilias and gender identity disorders [or sexual dysfunctions]. The sexual dysfunctions are characterized as by "disturbances in desire and the psycho-physiological changes that characterize the sexual response cycle and cause marked distress and interpersonal difficulty" (p. 535). The following sexual dysfunctions are presented to explain two causes of a sexual disorder. The first primarily affects men, and the latter most often affects women.

(a) Sexual Maschochism

Individuals with sexual dysfunctions encounter a number of stressors such as guilt, anger, feelings of inadequacy, and fear of rejection. According to Martin (1995), the link ...

Solution Summary

This solution provides a descripition of sexual and identity disorders. The slution identifes two specific disorders and discusses the causes of these disorders.