Research indicates that a person's culture has considerable impact on behavior, therefore making professional awareness of culture, diversity, and cultural competency essential for effective practice. Forensic populations are some of the most diverse of all treatment populations, thus making cultural competence an important attribute for those who administer treatment in forensic settings. In fact, the American Psychological Association (APA) emphasizes multicultural competency as a vital skill for clinical practice. Cultural awareness and competency are necessary for the skilled treatment provider in any setting and particularly in forensic settings.
A brief summary of the results of your self-assessment and the implications of these results in terms of your cultural awareness and competence. Describe your reaction to these results and explain how you plan to use this information to further develop your cultural competence and accomplish your professional goals
Cultural Competency and Treatment
You know by now that forensic treatment settings serve culturally diverse populations. In this course and academic program, the terms diversity and culture are broadly defined to include not only race and ethnicity but also religion, gender, physical ability, socioeconomic status, and age. You need to take all aspects of culture into consideration when you select treatment outcomes and approaches. Because culture is so ingrained, cultural-related issues may not be readily apparent to the treatment provider or the offender. However, culture impacts the treatment process whether recognized or not. In order to treat forensic populations effectively, the treatment provider must be aware of the impact of cultural considerations and bring cultural competencies to the treatment process
Cite the research article and state the specific diversity population that you researched.
Briefly summarize the research article and explain how the role of culture is addressed in the treatment of the specific forensic population in the study.
Analyze the role of culture in the treatment of forensic populations, in general. Use specifics from your selected research article to support your analysis.
Cultural Competence in Forensic Psychology Practice
Forensic Psychologists apply the principles of psychology - either as an experimental exploration or in an applied setting (in court, for the purposes of the justice system, in a penitentiary or for criminological application). All forms of practice of psychology are subject to ethical practice and require so as providing effective and responsible expertise, cultural competence. Cronin (n.d.) writes - "All psychologists are guided by the Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct, published by the American Psychological Association and recently revised in 2002. The ethical practice of forensic psychology is also informed by the Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists published in 1991." He admonishes however that in the practice of forensic psychology - psychologists frame their work based on the guidelines and limitations to their role set upon by the court or the justice system. With America being an adversarial justice practice, it means that experts, including psychologists, are often subjected to warring sides so as to push their agendas. fortunately, practicable guidelines and ethics allow for the practice of scientific neutrality. Still, experts are also subject to the possible bias embedded by their own unique socializations and cultural background which is something they must be on the lookout for, always.
One of the key things that forensic psychologists must practice dynamically, as if second nature, is reflexivity. They must question their opinions and conclusions always - so as to validate where their opinions are coming from. Is it based on facts or is it based on a cultural perspective? The idea is to push for a neutral and relative position so as to keep from the dangers of cultural and personal bias. One of the easier to practice tests is that developed by the American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA). These are actually a series of tests that provide cultural competence checklists and allow for one's own cultural awareness a d cultural competence to be assessed. This is also web-based and can be found via this link:
The ASHA test has no right or wrong answers - it is an explorative document that allows for self-reflection. It is a test that can be taken by anyone, even non-members to ASHA. They have a special focus on clients/practitioners who deal with a culturally and linguistically diverse population.
I was surprised at my results. While I understand that people have different cultures and belief systems, I still hold most dear, when it comes to making judgments, my own core values and beliefs. I am also quite surprised to ...
Forensic psychologists expected to be multicultural competences are determined. Cultural competence in forensic psychology practices are analyzed.
Diversity and Policing (a Topic in Police Psychology)
The term diversity, as used in this course, is defined broadly to include not only race and ethnicity, but also religion, gender, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, physical ability, age, and other characteristics. The purpose of diversity training in the work place is to raise awareness of such differences and to help people become "culturally sensitive" and "culturally competent." What this means is that they are able to communicate and interact appropriately with diverse populations. The importance of understanding minority cultures—cultures represented by the wide variety of characteristics noted above—is underscored by anti-discrimination laws as well as laws related to the Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO).
Police professionals are particularly challenged within the communities and departments in which they work because of the diversity of the populations they interact with and serve. As a result, police professionals are provided with diversity training and EEO training to assist them in addressing these challenges. As police recruits, they are taught about cultural diversity through classes in the police academy, and police administration may bring in consultants to provide additional training classes. At times, police personnel are specifically trained to provide diversity programs as well. Police professionals are encouraged to be open and honest when being trained to work effectively with diverse populations. They also must be open to accepting feedback about their own diversity issues as well as the need to learn about law enforcement culture. There is a significant commitment that must be made to ensure this type of training exists, and top officials within the organization must support it.
Review the article, "The Relationship Between Multicultural Training for Police and Effective Law Enforcement." Think about the impact that forensic psychology professionals have on police professionals through the diversity training they provide.
Review the article, "Making Good Cops in the Twenty-First Century: Emerging Issues for the Effective Recruitment, Selection, and Training of Police in the United States and Abroad." Consider the types of diversity training that a forensic psychology professional could provide to administrative police professionals and the impact that training could have on policing.
Review the document, "Facts About the Americans With Disabilities Act," and consider the impact of forensic psychology professionals' provision of diversity training to police professionals.
Review the remaining Learning Resources from this week, focusing on the impact of diversity training by forensic psychology professionals to administrative police professionals. Think about the difference this training can make and consider its value.
Think about the diversity training provided by forensic psychology professionals. Consider the difference it makes to administrative police professionals and to the police department as a whole.
Think about the impact that forensic psychology professionals could have on the communication effectiveness of police professionals when interacting with diverse populations.
Evaluate the impact of diversity training by forensic psychology professionals—specifically, respond to the difference it can make and evaluate its value.
Analyze how the provision of diversity training impacts the police department as a whole. Be specific and provide examples.