Provide a summary of each theoretical area:
The correct choice is (a) Equity.
Equity theory states that if we feel are that inputs are fairly and adequately rewarded by outputs then we are happy in our work and motivated to continue inputting at the same level. However if workers feel they are overpaid they also suffer low motivation, perhaps due to guilt, or they may use coping strategies, e.g., working ...
Besides the equity theory, this job also explains cognitive dissonance theory, social exchange theory, and
the triangular theory.