Task: Briefly describe how to prevent the spread of HIV. Explain how one or more of the processes for attitude formation may account for the attitudes which individuals have towards the social problem are typically formed. Next, explain how attitudes toward the problem could be changed. prevent the spread of HIV,
Please reference this journal:
Reid, Norman. (2006). Thoughts on attitude measurement. Research in Science and Technological Education. 24(1): 3-27.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an interesting and unique virus because it changes in relation to its population and location. It is a common attitude that HIV is a sexually transmitted disease between homosexuals; however, it is a blood born virus as well. HIV can be transmitted through contaminated blood, needles, and in addition to sexual relations between homosexuals it can also be transmitted through the heterosexual population through unsafe sex. Additionally, the risk factors change in particular regions of the world and these risk factors are determined by cultural attitudes, applicable resources, lack of political involvement and insufficient medical data. (World Bank, 2005, p. 39) Today it is understood that avoiding unsafe sex, avoiding multiple sex partners, and avoiding intravenous drug use as well careful blood screening can prevent HIV. The next question is then why is it still spreading?
Consider this statement about HIV and the spread of AIDS from 2002 and implication of its impact on society:
We are entering the third decade of what may be the most devastating epidemic in human history: HIV/AIDS. The disease continues to ravage families, communities, and countries throughout the world. In addition to the 20 million people who have already died of AIDS, most of the 40 million people now living with HIV are likely to die a decade or more prematurely. Each day, 14,000 people-12,000 adults and 2,000 children-become infected with HIV. At least 95 percent of these new infections occur in less developed countries; more than 50 percent afflict women and young adults. Unless the international community launches a coordinated and massive response to the ...