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Racial Criteria for Selecting American Judges

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The Supreme Court has repeatedly asserted that a defendant is not entitled to a jury "composed in whole or in part of persons of his own race." Although these rulings establish that states are not obligated to use racially mixed juries, they do no prohibit states from doing so. In fact, a number of policymakers and legal scholars have proposed reforms that use racial criteria to promote racial diversity on American juries.

QUESTIONS:

Some have suggested that the names of majority race jurors be removed from the jury list (thus ensuring a larger proportion of racial minorities); others have suggested that a certain number of seats on each jury be set aside for racial minorities.

How would you justify these reforms to a state legislature?
How would an opponent of these reforms respond?
Overall, are these good ideas or bad ideas?

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https://brainmass.com/psychology/social-psychology/103630

Solution Summary

A number of policymakers and legal scholars have proposed reforms that use racial criteria to promote racial diversity on American juries. This solution addresses the questions on reform and having racial criteria as a selection criteria for judges. Supplemented with one supporting article.

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Research Paper Analysis - Sampling Techniques, Measurement, Reliability, and Validity

Sampling Techniques, Measurement, Reliability, and Validity

Also consult: any article by Salkind such as "Criteria for Judging a Research Study" and apply information regarding research design.

Research Paper Instructions

For this research analysis, use the format for "Criteria for Judging a Research Study" outlined below. This is a modification of the criteria from the text, Exploring Research. Use the same section headings as outlined below as you answer the questions under each section. These criteria will help you to write your analysis of the article:

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in the Use of Mental HealthServices in Poverty Areas. Can be found at:
http://www.psychservices.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/56/6/746

For this paper, you are to prepare the answers to the questions below in paragraph form, using proper punctuation and spelling.

Criteria For Judging A Research Study (Use title of the article.)

Review of Previous Research

How closely is the literature reviewed in the study related to previous literature?
Is the review recent?
Problem and Purpose

What is the purpose of the study?
Is the purpose clearly stated?
Does the purpose seem to be tied to the literature that is reviewed?
Is there a rationale for why the study is an important one?
Is the objective of the study clearly stated?
Hypothesis

What is the hypothesis?
Is the hypothesis clearly stated?
Is the hypothesis grounded in theory or in a review and presentation of relevant literature?
Methods

What are the dependent and independent variables?
Are the definitions and descriptions of the variables complete?
Is it clear how the study was conducted?
Sample

Was the sample selected in such a way that you think it is representative of the population?
Is it clear where the sample came from and how it was selected?
How similar are the subjects in the study to those that have been used in other similar studies?
Results and discussion

Does the author relate the results to the review of the literature?
Are the results related to the hypothesis?
Is the discussion of the results consistent with the results?
Does the discussion provide closure to the initial hypotheses presented by the author?
References

Is the list of references current?
Are the references consistent in their format?
Does each reference cited in the body of the paper appear in the reference list?
General comments about the paper

Is the research paper clearly written and understandable?
What are the strengths and weaknesses of the research?
What are the primary implications of the research?
What would you do to improve the research?

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