Define schizophrenia. Is it possible to prevent this disorder? If so, how? If not, why not? What current treatments are available?
Schizophrenia is the most severe mental illness of all, and its hallmark feature "is significant loss of contact with reality, referred to as psychosis" (Butcher, Mineka & Hooley, p. 490, 2007). It is also characterized by "extreme oddities in perception, thinking, action, sense of self and manner of relating to others" (Butcher et al., p. 490. 2007). It is only prevalent in about 1% of the population with more males than females diagnosed, and the prognosis is worse ...
This paper provides a good definition of schizophrenia along with the signs and symptoms of it. It's causes and prevalence are also discussed along with ways to prevent and/or treat it. An in-depth discussion of whether schizophrenia is preventable is also provided.
Butcher, J. N., Mineka, S., and Hooley, J. M. (2007). Abnormal psychology (13th Ed.). Boston: Pearson, Allyn and Bacon.