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Psychological Testing: Assumptions and Fundamental Questions

What are the major assumptions and fundamental questions associated with psychological testing? What is the term test? What are the major categories of tests and the major uses and users of these tests? Compare and contrast the concepts of reliability and validity and how they affect the field of psychological testing.

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The purpose of psychological testing is to help clinical psychologists better understand the behaviours of people and what makes them act the way they do. There are many components that go into this understanding, and people can vary quite different in the external and environmental factors that must be considered, so testing has been developed as an aid for the psychologists to arrive at a diagnosis. In essence, testing enables a psychologist to determine the core components that affect an individuals psychological or mental health problems. In addition, personality and IQ tests have been developed to better understand the behaviours of people, and the intellectual capability. This is a key point to remember, because psychological testing does not equate to mental illness. There should not be a stigma attached to such tests, particularly in the case of emotionally stable and healthy individuals. In fact, such tests often just provide individuals with knowledge they need about their own behaviour, so they can better their own inherent strengths and weaknesses.

There are four major types of tests in use today. These include the clinical interview, ...

Solution Summary

This response looks at the assumptions that are associated with psychological testing and the concepts validity and reliability that after this testing.