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Explain each of the following terms, expressions, events, or names in terms of their significance in the context of psychological testing. The answers should be written in own words and each answer should not exceed more than 6 to 8 double spaced lines.

a) Psychological tests: in what way do they differ from other types of tests
b) Binet
c) Cattell
d) Confidentiality
e) Informed consent
f) Test user qualifications
g) Duty to warn
h) Group versus individual testing
i) World War 1
j) American psychological association
k) Standardized achievement tests
l) Galton

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Please see response attached, which is also presented below. I hope this helps and take care.


a) Psychological tests: in what way do they differ from other types of tests

Psychological tests are standardized and psychological variables are operationally defined. They can therefore be systematically scored and administered, which are used to measure individual differences in specific psychological variables, such as personality, aptitude, ability, attainment or intelligence. Another difference from other types of tests is that the tests are supported by a body of evidence and statistical data, which demonstrates their validity, and are used in an occupational setting.

See http://www.cipd.co.uk/subjects/recruitmen/tests/psytest.htm

b) Binet was a French Psychologist who was interested in studying intelligence. He thought intelligence was a fundamental faculty (e.g. judgment), which was important for practical life. He referred to judgment as practical sense, initiative, or the ability of adapting one's self to circumstances. He classified people by their intelligence and referred to those who lacked judgments as a moron or an imbecile. However, those with good judgment are never either. Other intellectual faculties were deemed less important, according to Binet. Alfred Binet published the first modern intelligence test, the Binet-Simon intelligence scale (1905). His principal goal was to identify students who needed special help in coping with the school curriculum.

See http://www.indiana.edu/~intell/binet.shtml.

c) Raymond Bernard Cattell is a psychologist who was also interested in human intelligence. His major contributions were the Cattell-Horn Theory of Fluid and Crystallized Intelligences, the application of advanced statistical techniques to the study of intelligence and an author or co-author of more than 500 books and articles. Specifically, the Cattell-Horn theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence proposes that general intelligence is actually a collection of perhaps 100 abilities working together in various ways in different people to bring out different intelligences. Cattell held a hereditarian view of intelligence, arguing that the weight of the statistical evidence supports the idea that intelligence is largely determined by genetics. ...

Solution Summary

Explains several terms, expressions, events, or names in terms of their significance in the context of psychological testing. It also explains how psychological testing differs from other types of tests.

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