Generalized anxiety Disorder or (GAD) is characterized with features in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM-IV-TR [APA], 2000) as "Excessive anxiety and worry apprehensive expectations, occurring more days than not, for at least 6 months during performances" such as work and/or school (i.e., the person finds it difficult to control worry). Research suggests that GAD is highly prevalent among primary care patients (Culpepper, 2002). Culpepper refers to the low state and recognition of GAD as often the result of questionable clinical outcomes, because there is a lack of knowledge concerning the disorder. For instance, according to Culpepper, most patients with GAD suffer from insomnia, which makes the disorder difficult to diagnose, and thus a major concern relative to treatment. In addition, he notes that GAD has a strong physiological component; and recommends combined treatments including cognitive restructuring, relaxation (a coping-technique), cognitive therapy (CT); behavioral therapy (BT); Applied relaxation (AR) and Cognitive Behavioral therapy (CBT).
An approach of CBT therapy encompasses a category of related theories that are focused on tasks to solving a problem and/or making changes in a client's situation or environment. Archer & McCarthy (2007) list key concepts of CT and BT therapies:
(a) Key concepts of Cognitive Therapy
One thoughts and beliefs affect their interpretation of events
This solution discusses cognitive restructuring as a treatment for Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD).