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Description of two different personality theories.

Discuss at least 2 specific theories of personality that can help to explain how culture, ethnicity and race may influence behavior and why a psychologist needs to take these factors into account.

Response is 704 plus 2 references.

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Dear Student,

There are a number of different personality theories and I will share a couple with you:

1. Sigmund Freudian Psychoanalysis
This personality theory is considered to be a "psychodynamic approach". It involves two separate (but related) theories. The two theories are "structural theory" and "developmental theory".
First let's begin with the structural theory. This theory involves the id, ego, and superego. The id is present at birth and helps with life and death instincts. The id seeks immediate gratification in order to avoid tension.
Secondly, the ego develops at about 6 months of age. It is believed that the ego develops because the id is unable to gratify all of its needs. The primary role of the ego is to "mediate" the conflicting demands of the id.
Lastly, the superego develops when the child is between 4-5 years of age. The superego represents the internalization of society's values which are conveyed to the child by his/her parents. The superego strives to permanently block the id's socially unacceptable impulses.
Freud's Developmental Theory focuses on the sexual drives of the id. This theory claims that ...

Solution Summary

The following document describes two different personality theories; Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis and Carl Rogers developmental theory. Also discussed is how cultural differences influence behavior.

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