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methods of studying human behavior

1. The text discusses several methods of studying human behavior. These include the case study, naturalistic observation, correlational research, survey research, and the experimental method. If you were going to design a study investigating the relationship between alcohol and violence, which of these methods would you choose and why? What would be the relative strengths and weaknesses of this study? What ethical considerations must be taken into account while undertaking this study?

2. What is the difference between negative and positive reinforcement? Describe a situation that shows positively reinforced and negatively reinforced. Be sure to identify the reinforcer and the target behavior in your example and any shaping that occurred due to these reinforcements.

3. Say you have terrible fear of spiders?so much so that you are afraid to go on picnics or camping because of this terrible fear. Which of the psychological disorders would this fear fall under? How could have this psychological disorder been created? What would be the best way for you to treat this particular disorder?

4. How might low self-esteem develop in a person? Using Erikson's theory of psychosocial development describe the stage and what factors might occur in that particular stage that could account for the development of low self-esteem. Note: there may be more than one stage in which the development of low self-esteem may occur. You need only choose one stage, but you must explain in detail how this might occur.

Need each questions broken down and explained in the best way possible and any reliable web sites that may help for research purposes. Please email, if any questions.

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OTA 103973

1. The text discusses several methods of studying human behavior. These include the case study, naturalistic observation, co relational research, survey research, and the experimental method. If you were going to design a study investigating the relationship between alcohol and violence, which of these methods would you choose and why?

Since we have identified two key factors i.e. alcohol intake and violence, the best research study design for this topic will be a co relational research design. With both one participant and with a group of people in this condition, such a design will ensure the accuracy and validity of the suspected or observed "correlation" between the two variables.

What would be the relative strengths and weaknesses of this study?
The strength of this design would be its focus on the selected group of individuals to study whom, the study is designed. Just like in any research study and from its findings, generalized results cannot be deduced on the basis of the sample in a given study. Unless the investigation will prove, the relationship, even positive cannot be taken for direct cause and effect. So,

What ethical considerations must be taken into account while undertaking this study?

The study conditions must not be such that deliberately participants are made to drink to a toxic level that they hurt themselves or once they lose their conscious self-control, their violent behavior is let to take place on fellow participants. Such a study will not be allowed by internal board review (irb) for the researcher to carry ...

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methods of studying human behavior: short answer

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