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Brain structures and their functions

Provide a brief description of each of the following functions:

Basal ganglia
Corpus collosum
Temporal lobe
Occipital lobe
Frontal lobe
Spinal cord
Pituitary gland

Complete the attached diagram.


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Basal ganglia: The basil ganglia is responsible for voluntary motor control, procedural learning relating to routine behaviors or "habits" such as eye movements, cognitive and emotional functions, helps us decide which behaviors to execute at a given time, inhibitory influence on a number of motor systems and that a release of this inhibition permits a motor system to become active.

Corpus collosum: This is the bridge that connects the left and right cerebral hemispheres and and facilitates interhemispheric communication.

Temporal lobe: This lobe is responsible for the retention of visual memories, processing sensory input, comprehending language, storing new memories, emotion, and deriving meaning.

Occipital lobe: This is where all our visual processing takes place; responsible for things such as visuospatial processing, color discrimination, and motion perception.

Frontal lobe: This is the center of executive functioning; this is also where most of our dopamine sensitive neurons lie; our dopamine system is responsible for things such as reward, attention, short-term memory tasks, planning, and motivation. Dopamine tends to moderate sensory information arriving from the thalamus to the fore-brain.

Cerebrum: The cerebrum is refers to the part of the brain comprising the cerebral cortex; the left and right hemispheres. It also contains several ...

Solution Summary

This post provides a brief description of the functions of the main brain structures.