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Common Parenting Styles: The Pros and Cons

Parenting styles can provide children with the foundation they need to succeed academically and socially or stifle their cognitive and social development; which can lead to emotional or psychological problems. The average parenting style fits into one of four categories: authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and uninvolved. Describe each of these styles.

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Studies regarding parenting typically promote the authoritative parenting style (Cheah et al., 2009; Domenech-Rodríguez et al., 2009; Pearson et al., 2010). This style is effective because it encourages parents to be nurturing, warm, patient, and respectful of their child's individuality and rate of development (Berk, 2007). In addition, children who are raised according to this style are typically emotionally, academically, and socially mature (Damon & Learner, 2008). One particular study showed that adolescents who believed their parents were authoritative had better dietary habits such as eating breakfast more often during the week and consuming less unhealthy snacks than those who described their caregivers parenting style as uninvolved (Pearson et al., 2010). This study involved over 300 adolescent participants from various cultural and ethnical backgrounds. It is important to note, however, that this is not necessarily the 'ideal' parenting style. The ideal parenting style depends primarily on the child who the parent is parenting.

A second style of parenting, called the authoritarian style, is associated with impatience, high academic standards, and little emphasis on encouraging autonomy. This type of parent may put too much pressure on a child ...

Solution Summary

Parenting styles fall into one out of four categories: authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and uninvolved. Each of these styles, including the most favorable style, will be discussed.