Share
Explore BrainMass

Early Childhood Development and Cognition

There are various parenting styles that are used which influence early childhood development, including authoritarian, permissive and authoritative. How do you determine which is more effective and how does the family affect the development of these young children? What infuence does early childhood have on cognitive development?

Solution Preview

1) There are various parenting styles that are used which influence early childhood development, including authoritarian, permissive and authoritative. How do you determine which is more effective and how does the family affect the development of these young children?

From what I have learned about personality theories in social roles is that the environment has a lot to do with the development of one's personality. These influences begin as infants in the family home, and continue to shape one's personality development throughout the life-span; however, according to Freud and many other psychologists one's basic personality is formed by the age of seven, so a person's early environment has a great impact on personality development. Culture has a large effect on society and personality development, as well as each culture's different norms, values, morals, beliefs and rules of social conduct.

In speaking about early environmental influences that can affect the development of one's personality, I believe the first and most important aspect of this is the type of bond that is formed by an infant and his or her parents/caregivers. If a healthy attachment and trust is not formed with one's most significant others, the person's personality will be affected accordingly. If these bonds are healthy and positive, the infant is more likely to develop a healthy/positive personality with the ability to trust and get along with others. If these bonds are not healthy; however, and especially if there is abuse and neglect involved, the person is likely to develop antisocial personality disorder, lack of trust toward other people, and may possibly become a psychopath with severe underlying anger issues.

Factors that might affect a parent's ability to establish an attachment relationship with an infant according to Pervin, Cervone, and John (2005) include:

1) The responsiveness of the caregiver. If the caregiver doesn't respond in a prompt, appropriate, and caring way, the infant will not develop as trusting a relationship with that ...

Solution Summary

The solution discusses early childhood development and cognition.

$2.19