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Individual and child development in psychology

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1. What are some of the most powerful dangers or risks to good development for individuals? Support your answer by citing a particular theory or set of theories.
2. If you want to improve the chances of good development for children today, what societal changes or cultural changes would you recommend?

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1. What are some of the most powerful dangers or risks to good development for individuals? Support your answer by citing a particular theory or set of theories.

According to Linderberger, & Baltes (2000), the development of the mind is described as lifelong, multi-dimensional, and multi-functional. As they explain, the life mental stability of an individual informs general knowledge concerning three components of individual development: (1) inter-individual regularities in development, (2) inter-individual difference in development, and (3) individual plasticity in development. Thus, the risk to good development, according to this theory, include not giving attention to each of these components and their age-related interactions, which are the foundation of human development. As an example, cognitive factors such as: (a) comprehension, (b) memory, (c) ability, (d) perception and reasoning, (e) and (f) language and problem-solving skills are stated to decline as individuals grow older. Further, these factors that contribute to cognitive deficits in older people also contribute to depression (e.g. lack of life satisfaction) and loneliness (Santrock, 2006)?

Relative to the development of children, Theory of mind is defined as "the capacity to explain and predict human behavior in terms of mental states (Wimmer & Perner, 1983, as cited in Pavarin, Hollanda, & Hawk, 2013). This theory has been widely used to describe the social-cognitive development of children. According to Pavarin et al., much of the research on this theory is focused on children's understanding of false beliefs during their preschool years described as: (a) Stage one —theory of mind is an important developmental process that leads children to a better understanding of themselves and of other people ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses theories of human development and development in children.

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