Provide specific examples of treatment strategies for the four major approaches in clinical psychology(psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems) and evaluate their effectiveness.
Hi there! I have put together some information about the four therapies you mention. I have attached it for you to use and copied and pasted the same information below - it may be easier for you to see it on the Word document I attached. I hope this will guide you for your homework assignment. Best of luck to you! :)
Hello there! I will be glad to help you with the stated question regarding theories of psychology and psychotherapy. You must break down each form of therapy into its trademark components. I will be glad to help you break it apart.
Psychodynamic (the longest and "deepest" of the four):
This is a therapy that was started by Freud and is based on working to make the unconscious, conscious (Corey, 2009). Psychoanalytic theory is the origin to psychodynamic theory. In order to understand them, we must first look at Freud's concepts. Freud based his theory on the fact that our personality is composed of the Id, the Ego, and the Superego (Corey, 2009). The Id is the most basic and instinctual of all components of personality. The Id is unconscious and seeks only to satisfy its needs such as sexual, tension reduction, pain avoidance, etc (Corey, 2009). The Ego is in touch with reality and seeks to control and regulate human personality, and it does so by keeping control of the impulses created by the Id (Corey, 2009). Lastly, the Superego goes a step beyond the ego, and seeks to govern morals such as right and wrong ( Corey, 2009).
Anxiety is the cornerstone of Freud's theory (Corey, 2009). Freud felt that anxiety was a conflict between the id, the ego and the superego and gives one a feeling of dread and impending danger (Corey, 2009). People develop ego-defense mechanisms as a cure to anxiety. These can include repression, denial, projection, rationalization, regression, and compensation to name a few. Ego defense mechanisms help the person cope with anxiety they experience and help the ego from becoming too overwhelmed (Corey, 2009). Some of these mechanisms are harmless and serve to help the individual adapt in life and some can greatly reduce how an individual goes through their life (Corey, 2009). These mechanisms function on the unconscious level and distort reality (Corey, 2009). It is usually these ego defense mechanisms and the problems they may cause an individual that causes them to seek therapy.
The way traditional psychoanalytic therapy works is largely to bring out the unconscious issues into the conscious so that they can be dealt with, and allow the individual to heal (Corey, 2009). In traditional therapy, the therapist would act largely as a blank-screen, using little self-disclosure, and allow their clients to make projections on the therapist (Corey, 2009). The therapist aimed to have the client create transference, which is the transference of feelings and thoughts originally reserved for a key individual in the client's life onto the therapist (Corey, 2009). In other words, the therapist ...
Four major approaches in Clinical Psychology are expressed.