Explore BrainMass

Aspects of cognitive science and behaviorism

This content was STOLEN from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

Skinner was an American behaviorist who conducted extensive research related to the experimental analysis of behavior. Through his research he was able to introduce several concepts related to behavior and self-control. The following solution describes concepts such as: reinforcement, operant conditioning, punishment, and superstitious behavior.

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 20, 2018, 6:59 am ad1c9bdddf

Solution Preview

Burrhus Frederic Skinner was a renowned psychologist who described 9 self-control methods in his book called Science and Human Behavior. However, his definition of self-control can better be described by the term self-regulation, which involves "the locus of two conflicting contingencies of reinforcement" (Skinner, 1965, p. 203). Reinforcement can be both positive and negative. Positive reinforcement is a gesture or reward that leads to the repetition of favorable behavior, while negative reinforcement is a consequence or reprimand that acts to hinder unfavorable behavior.

Additional concepts that are important to cognitive science and behaviorism include:

Operant conditioning: Skinner's operant conditioning is a behavioral model, where receiving ...

Solution Summary

This solution provides a brief description of Burrhus F. Skinner and important concepts that Skinner introduced.