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Developmental Psychology

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There are five major perspectives of psychology used to explain a human behavior and mental processes. These five perspectives are Neuroscience, Psychodynamic, Behavioral, Cognitive and Humanistic.

Select two of the perspectives above: behavioral and the cognitive perspective. Then explain how culture, ethnicity, and race may influence ones behavior connected with these two perspectives.

Can someone please explain to me pacifically how a behavioral and cognitive perspective influences one's culture, ethnicity, and race?

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Select two of the five major perspectives of psychology used to explain human behavior and mental processes. Discuss how the two perspectives you have selected may explain how culture, ethnicity, and race may influence behavior). (behavioral and

Researchers in the behavioral field of psychology study emotions and/or behavioral problems. For instance, studies may concentrate on abnormalities in behavior in efforts to deem what is acceptable versus unacceptable behavior. The behavioral approach emphasizes objective, scientific analyses of what can actually be observed (Plotnik, l993, p. 13). Thus behavioral perspectives are focused on learning how individual behavior is shaped by experience in their social environment. The cognitive approach utilizes factors such as: schemas, expectancies emotions, human agency and self-efficacy as a basis for understanding how individuals process and interpret information from the environment n which they live, and in understanding ways in which people differ from one another. From a cognitive perspective, research may be drawn on cognitive-behavioral perspective focused on how people process information in the environment to affect specific behavioral outcomes.

Huynh-Nhu, Ceballo, Chao, Hill, Murray, & Pinderhughes, (2008) conducted their study from a behavorial perspective, and examined parenting styles among ...

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This solution examine two perspectives of psychology used to explain human behavior and mental processes.

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11 Developmental Psychology Questions

I need help with these questions"

1. Ricardo believes that, rather than progressing through a sequence of stages, mental processes gradually get more complex and efficient. Ricardo is most likely a proponent of ____________________.

Piaget's theory
Kohlberg's theory
Information processing theory
Erikson's theory

2. Louis discovers that the experiences he has in his developmental psychology class help him to deal with the children he works with at a daycare center. This relationship is best described by Bronfenbrenner's notion of _____________________.

mesosystem
exosystem
macrosystem
microsystem

3. Dr. Lund stages a fire drill at the elementary school in order to study how children respond to potential emergency situations. Dr. Lund's method would best be described as a(n) _____________________.

structured observation
naturalistic observation
self-report
experiment

4. You are reading the results of a study that tracked how a particular individual's religious beliefs changed over the course of her life. The study you are reading is most likely a(n) ______________________ study.

longitudinal
cross-sectional
sequential
experimental

5. Which statement is not consistent with ethical research?

Subject responses should be confidential.
Never tell subjects if they've been deceived.
Minimize the risks to subjects.
Give subjects the right to withdraw from the research without penalty.

6. Which results would not support the idea that genes play a significant role in behavior?

finding dizygotic twins to be more similar than monozygotic twins
finding children to be more similar to their biological parents than to their adoptive parents
finding similarities between biological siblings
finding monozygotic twins to be more similar than pairs of unrelated individuals

7. Halley is 40-years-old, and she and her daughter Berry, 20, are both currently pregnant. Which statement concerning these two mothers is most accurate?

Berry has a greater risk of giving birth to a baby with sickle-cell anemia.
Halley is twice as fertile as Berry.
Berry's odds of having a baby with Down Syndrome are three times higher than Halley's.
Halley has a greater risk of having a miscarriage.

8. How many of the following (aspirin, nicotine, cocaine, caffeine) are potential teratogens?
1
2
3
4

9. Maternal stress is most likely to negatively impact a developing embryo/fetus when that stress is _____________________________.

intermittent and extreme
intermittent and moderate
chronic and extreme
chronic and moderate

10. Huntington's disease is an unusual genetic disorder in that it is a fatal disease caused by dominant alleles that ________________________.

impact late enough in life so that the individual can reproduce
are controllable through diet
both must come from mom
strike only males

11. Self-reports are a rather easy and quick way to gather information, there are fewer potential ethical issues than many other forms of research, and they are relatively inexpensive. Why aren't they the method of choice for developmental research?

respondents can refuse to participate
selective non-responses to certain questions
respondents don't tell the truth or distort their beliefs or facts about their life (socially desirable responses)
respondents cannot elaborate on answers and can only choose from available option

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