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    Autism and Dementia Article Summary

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    The question for this week is "What is the rule for citing authors when there are (a) two authors; and (b) three to five authors?"

    APA Style, Part II

    The focus for this week was on proper citation usage and referencing; it is important now to apply this to an actual research article.

    To prepare for this Discussion:

    - Carefully review this week's assigned readings in the APA Manual. Review carefully the material in the text related to citations, references, and quotations.
    - Review the Week 6 Learning Resources on paraphrasing and plagiarism.
    - Review the Study Notes from Week 6: Common APA Style and Formatting Challenges.
    - Review your assigned APA question for this Discussion (your instructor will post question assignments as an Announcement).
    - Review the journal article you downloaded from a Walden Library database in Week 4.
    - Search for and download an additional journal article from the Walden Library databases that is related to your specialization or to your specific research interest. This article must be different from the one you downloaded in Week 4.

    With these thoughts in mind:

    Post a one-paragraph summary that incorporates the findings and conclusions of both articles, the one you downloaded this week and the one you downloaded in Week 4. Next, in a second paragraph, provide a very brief summary of your answer to your assigned question. Incorporate an application of your assigned APA question into this summary.


    Autism Spectrum Disorders in Older Adults: Toward Defining a Research Agenda by Joseph Piven, MD, and Peter Rabins, MD, on behalf of the Autism-in-Older Adults Working Group

    Should we refer for a dementia assessment? A checklist to help know when to be concerned about dementia in adults with Down syndrome and other intellectual disabilities by Sarah Whitwham and Judith McBrien, Learning Disability Service, Westbourne, Scott Business Park, Beacon Park Road, Plymouth, PL2 2PQ, UK (E-mail: [email protected]) and Wendy Broom

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    Solution Preview

    This should be very helpful.

    Thank you for selecting me as your expert. I wanted to share some information with you first. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/03/ the Purdue APA style website is my favorite when it comes to finding information on APA style writing. Here is some below.
    Go to the bottom of the page for the guide
    Note: APA style requires authors to use the past tense or present perfect tense when using signal phrases to describe earlier research, for example, Jones (1998) found or Jones (1998) has found...
    APA Citation Basics
    When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
    If you are referring to an idea from another work but NOT directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your in-text reference. All sources that are cited in the text must appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
    In-Text Citation Capitalization, Quotes, and Italics/Underlining
    • Always capitalize proper nouns, including author names and initials: D. Jones.
    • If you refer to the title of a source within your paper, capitalize all words that are four letters long or greater within the title of a source: Permanence and Change. Exceptions apply to short words that are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs: Writing New Media, There Is Nothing Left to Lose.
    (Note: in your References list, only the first word of a title will be capitalized: Writing new media.)
    • When capitalizing titles, capitalize both words in a hyphenated compound word: Natural-Born Cyborgs.
    • Capitalize the first word after a dash or colon: "Defining Film Rhetoric: The Case of Hitchcock's Vertigo."
    • Italicize or underline the titles of longer works such as books, edited collections, movies, television series, documentaries, or albums: The Closing of the American Mind; The Wizard of Oz; Friends.
    • Put quotation marks around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles, articles from edited collections, television series episodes, and song titles: "Multimedia Narration: Constructing Possible Worlds"; "The One Where Chandler Can't Cry."
    Short Quotations
    If you are directly quoting from a work, you will need to include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference (preceded by "p."). Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.
    According to Jones (1998), "Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" (p. 199).

    Jones (1998) found "students often had difficulty using APA style" (p. 199); what implications does this have for teachers?
    If the author is not named in a signal phrase, place the author's last name, the year of ...

    Solution Summary

    The expert examines autism and dementia. An article summary is provided.