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Effective Problem Solving Cycles

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Give a description of some general barriers to solving problems effectively. Then, using your knowledge of problem solving, explain how you would solve a specific, real-world problem. Make sure to identify the structure of the problem, the impediments to solving the problem, the important steps in the problem-solving cycle that apply, and the specific techniques that will assist in getting the problem solved.

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A description of some general barrier to solving problems effectively is examined.

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Problem solving refers to active efforts to discover what must be done to achieve a goal that is not readily attainable (Weiten, 2005, p. 224). According to Grossman (1984), before you solve a problem, the first step is to see the problem clearly. He suggests three barriers to problem solving that include: (a) a logical paradox in which there may be contradictory elements that inhibit logically solving the problem, (b) not understanding the problem definition, and (c) not seeing the problem clearly. Grenno (1978 as cited in Weiten, 2005) proposes that problems can be structured according to three classes: (1) problem of inducing structure [discovering the relations among the parts of the problem], (2) problem of arrangement [arrange the parts in a way that satisfies some criterion and (3) problems of transformation [carrying out a sequence in order to reach a specific goal].

All of these criteria in problem solving efforts have been incorporated in a narrative by Weiten (2005) as common approaches to problem solving, removing barriers to problem solving and finding solutions. According to Weiten, psychologists have identified a number of barriers that can impede ...

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