Discuss the reasons why punishment usually does not produce the desired results.
2) Rewards can be very effective for increasing the occurrence of desired behavior; however, they are often misused, and consequently, may not produce the desired effect.
Discuss the problems with reward.
What can be done to ensure they are used more effectively?
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1) One of the primary reasons why punishment usually does not produce the desired results, is due to the fact that when certain punishments are administered on a consistent basis, the individual that is being punished may become accustomed to that punishment, and lose his or her fear of it. In essence, many individuals can psychologically adapt to punishments that they have received on numerous occasions, and therefore make the punishments less and less effective over time. An example of this would be American prisoners of war who were tortured during the Korean War, and became numb to this treatment over time. Another ...
This solution describes an analysis of the effectiveness of rewards and punishments, in changing behavior.