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Psychological Disorders

For this assignment, I need to create a Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation. The presentation must briefly summarize how psychological disorders are classified including the role of the DSM IV. The presentation must have at least one slide for each of the major classes of psychological disorders below.

Anxiety Disorders
Dissociative Disorders
Somatoform Disorders
Mood Disorders
Schizophrenia
Personality Disorders

What I need is information so that I can use it to create the presentation. I do not expect anyone to actually do the presentation for me. My computer just crashed with all my research and information on it and this assignment is due in less than a day. Any help is appreciated. Thank you.

Solution Preview

Hi,

Sorry to hear that you are having problems with your computer! I located a wealth of information for you to draw on. I also attached two PowerPoint presentations to use as exemplars for your presentation. I also provided an outline for one of the attached PowerPoint presentations at the end of this response.

RESPONSE:

1. What I need is information so that I can use it to create the presentation. I do not expect anyone to actually do the presentation for me. My computer just crashed with all my research and information on it and this assignment is due in less than a day. Any help is appreciated. Thank you.

Also see http://faculty.mansfield.edu/fcraig/teaching/PY101/101_14/index.htm, as another source of information.
And, you can consider the following information for your notes.

Information on the following psychological disorder:

DSM - IV

Official categorization of psychological disorders in U.S.

It is a 5-Axis model adopted in 1980
- Axis 1
 Clinical disorders (e.g., mood & anxiety disorders)
- Axis 2
 Personality disorders (e.g., narcissism, antisocial) & mental retardation
- Axis 3
 Medical (physical) conditions influencing Axis 1 & 2 disorders
- Axis 4
 Psychosocial & environmental stress influencing Axis 1 & 2 disorders
- Axis 5
 Global Assessment of Functioning score: highest level of functioning patient has achieved in work, relationships, and activities (from attached file).

o Anxiety Disorders Axis 1

There are a number of disorders under anxiety disorders.
o Generalized anxiety
o Panic disorder - frequent panic attacks (which resemble heart attacks) are the main symptom of panic disorder.
o Phobias

o Obsessive compulsive disorder
o Obsession - Compulsion
o Most people who have the diagnosis of obsessive compulsive disorder have both obsessions and compulsions.
o Obsessions are senseless thoughts, images, or impulses that occur repeatedly; they are often companied by compulsions, which are irresistible, repetitive acts that reduce the stress associated

Explaining anxiety disorders
? Learning Perspective
o fear conditioning stimulus
o generalization reinforcement
o observational learning
? Biological Perspective
o "genetic encoding"
o Low levels of GABA (high levels of nerve impulses in brain circuits related to fear and vigilance)
o Panic - serotonin & nor-epinephrine (http://www.usi.edu/libarts/psychology/kcarter/pptlec1/Palladino%20Chapter%2012%20Psych%20Disorders.pdf).

o Dissociative Disorders

? Dissociative disorders involve disruptions in some function of the mind.
? In dissociative amnesia, memories cannot be recalled; in dissociative fugue, memory loss is accompanied by travel.
? Dissociative Identity disorders -

"Multiple Personality Disorder" characterized by the presence of two or more personalities in the same individual. Assumes the ability to "repress" memory

o Somatoform Disorders

? Hypochondriasis - person believes they have a serious disease despite repeated medical findings to the contrary
? Somatization - person expresses multiple physical complaints that do not have a medical explanation and do not suggest a specific known disease
? Conversion - person presents sensory or motor symptoms that do not have a medical explanation (http://www.usi.edu/libarts/psychology/kcarter/pptlec1/Palladino%20Chapter%2012%20Psych%20Disorders.pdf).

o Mood Disorders Axis 1
- Emotional disturbances that interfere with normal life functioning

Defining Mood Disorders - normal variations in mood, including "major depressive events" (unable to get out of bed for a day) vs. a diagnosable mood disorder

? Bipolar - extreme manic/depressive states - more prevalent in "artistic/creative" individuals - equal in M/F
? Cyclothymia - like bipolar,
but less extreme
? Dysthymic disorder - down in the dumps mood that fills most of the day nearly every day for two years or more - less disabling than people with major depression individuals experience chronic low energy and self esteem, have difficulty concentrating or making decisions and sleep/eat too much or too little

? Major depressive disorder - occurs when depression (including lethargy, feelings of worthlessness, loss of interest in family friends activities) lasts for two weeks or more.
? The risk factors for suicide include being male, being unmarried, and being depressed.
? Mood disorders tend to run in families, which suggest genetic transmission.
? Explaining mood disorders
? -Behavioral and cognitive changes accompany depression - "if you look for
? it you'll find it" ... when in a depressed state you always "find" the bad
? things in life and this contributes to the depression.
? -Depression is often accompanied by other ...

Solution Summary

This solution provides sample ideas, links and two PowerPoint models for the following areas: Anxiety Disorders, Dissociative Disorders, Somatoform Disorders, Mood Disorders, Schizophrenia and Personality Disorders.

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