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Historical Case Study: Neurological Disorders

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I need some assistance to help guide me through this task. I want to do project on a well documented historical case study of an individual who experienced a neurological disorder, disease, or accident that resulted in an interruption in his or her vision, hearing, or motor control. I need to create a presentation including the following:

• What neurological disorder, disease, or accident took place to interrupt this individual's ability?
• What behaviors were exhibited by this individual following the disorder, disease, or accident?
• What were the individual's deficits as a result of this disorder, disease, or accident?
• What treatments did the individual seek? Were any available at the time?
• What implications would a well documented historical case study of an individual who experienced a neurological disorder, disease, or accident that resulted in an interruption in his or her vision, hearing, or motor control have in terms of research? How did this help scientists and doctors better understand the disorder or disease? How did this case help scientists and doctors better understand how the brain works?

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Solution Preview

A great case study would be Muhammad Ali. In 1984 Muhammad Ali, a well-known boxer and celebrity, was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease, which is a progressive disorder causing tremors, stiffness, tiredness, slowing of movement, rigidity, and balance difficulties. In addition to these symptoms, other effects are worsening of speech, memory and mood. Because this disease generally progresses very slowly, those that suffer from it tend to look old, feel old, and lose facial expressions (1).

Parkinson's disease is caused by the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons. Because of this, most drug treatments consist of drugs that are dopamine precursors, or drugs that mimic dopamine or drugs that prevent or slow down the breakdown of dopamine in the body (1).

Ali tried several various ...

Solution Summary

Discusses the case study of the diagnosis of Parkinson's Disease for Muhammad Ali. It discusses how he was diagnosed, what changes in behavior he suffered, the treatments that were used, and how the disease disrupted every aspect of his life.

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See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Cranial Nerves Case Study + Other Muscular Disorders

1. What diagnosis would include the following points?
- onset around 5 years of age
- abnormal gait
- no reflex signs (neurological exam relatively clear)
- difficulty walking
- trouble getting up from sitting or lying position
- enlarged calf muscles with firm, rubbery feeling
2. What muscles would be related to the symptom of diplopia?
3. What diagnosis does the negative result for acetylcholine receptor antibodies rule out?
4. What does the microscopy finding of "ragged red fibers" mean?
5. What part of the brain would be responsible for stance and gait and can be affected by alcohol abuse?
6. Based on the neurological exam results in this case, what cranial nerve and central fiber tracts are involved? What functions are those cranial nerves or fiber tracts responsible for?
7. Where in the brainstem are nuclei associated with the affected cranial nerves located? Where are they found closest to each other and to the fiber tract involved?
8. What happened to this patient's nervous system to cause these deficits?
9. How does the patient's history suggest a cause for this episode?

Case 4 (Question 6-9)
Presentation: A 15 Year old male patient was admitted to the Er because an inability to swallow his breakfast. He had had been discharged from the hospital 36 hours prior following two weeks of recovery from a motor vehicle accident that resulted in a compound tib-fib fracture as well as other broken bones.
Neurological Exam: Touch discrimination of the left forehead is impaired and mild temperature sensation in the right hand is absent. Gag reflex is not present upon tactile stimulation of the soft palate. No other motor, sensory or behavioral findings were present in the neurological exam
History: The patient had been previously diagnosed (at 12 years of age) with an atrial septal defect (ASD) of the heart. No family history is of consequence to this case.

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