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Seven Perspectives in Psychology

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Introducing Psychology
Loneliness is a problem that plagues many people, but college students in particular.

1. In a narrative format, discuss the key facts and critical issues presented.
2. How would each of the seven perspectives of psychology approach the question of why people are lonely? Which of the perspectives provides information that you think is most useful? Why?
3. How would the consideration of multiple perspectives to analyze loneliness be superior to the use of any single perspective?

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Research Methods in Psychology
Twenge, Baumeister, Tice, and Stucke (2001) told students that a personality test showed that they would or would not have any significant personal relationships for the rest of their lives, and then assessed the students' willingness to help others. The students told that they would not have any important social relationships were less likely to help.

4. In a narrative format, discuss the key facts and critical issues presented.
5. Considering the information you have learned about research ethics for studies using human participants, what should Twenge et al. (2001) do to ensure their participants' safety?
In this study, what serves as the independent variable? Which is the dependent variable?
Which is the control group? Which is the experimental group?
6. If you were serving on an ethical review board, would you approve this study? Why or why not?

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Genetics and Evolution
Consider one of your traits or characteristics, such as your musical talent or excellence in math or wavy hair. How might nature and nurture have contributed to your observed characteristic?

7. In a narrative format, discuss the key facts and critical issues presented.
8. What information do you need in order to answer this question accurately? What methods might you use to obtain the needed data? Do you think nature, nurture, or a combination of the two provides the best explanation for your chosen trait?
9. How likely do you think it will be for your trait to show up in your children, should you choose to have a family at some point?

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Solution Preview

Loneliness is a problem that plagues many people, but consider college students- the courses they take, the amount of students in each discipline, trying to make friends on campus, and so on.

1. Based on the text you sent, within psychology there are many avenues one can take- or 7 perspectives (see pg 27): Biological, Evolutionary, Cognitive, Social, Developmental, Clinical, individual perspectives and personality. Until relatively recently, people would stay within their discipline. Nowadays, the trend is to try and merge the disciplines. Therefore, the loneliness exists when one doesn't extend their boundaries in other fields. However, see below.

2. How would each of the seven perspectives of psychology approach the question of why people are lonely? This is what I gathered from the material presented:
Biological- Consider how one thinks influences their behaviors.
Evolutionary- Discuss how over time, the way we look and our actual physical structure is influenced by our emotions.
Cognitive- The process of thinking and problem solving. How did the individual come to think they way he does? Is he "lonely" or just faulty thinking processes?
Social- How does our environment influence our behavior? Is it easier to think, plan, and organize one's thoughts by oneself or in the presence of many people?
Developmental- how memory functions across different ages. Consider how our memories influence our future actions. When one gets older, are one's memories shaped in a certain way to ...

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Origins of Psychology and Research Methods Worksheet

Please see the attachment.

Part I: Origins of Psychology

Within the discipline of psychology, there are several perspectives used to describe, predict, and explain human behavior. The seven major perspectives in modern psychology are psychoanalytic, behaviorist, humanist, cognitive, neuroscientific/biopsychological, evolutionary, and sociocultural. Describe the seven major psychological perspectives using two to three sentences each. Select one major figure associated with one of the seven major perspectives and describe his or her work in two to three sentences. Type your response in the space below.

Part II: Research Methods

Describe research methods used in psychology by completing the following table. After completing the table, select two of the research methods and compare and contrast them in your own words. Your response must be at least 75 words.

Part III: The Brain

Studying the functions and elements of the brain is essential to understanding human behavior. Watch the CyberPsych animation, The Brain, to research the brain in more depth. To access the animation:

1. Open WileyPlus by clicking on the rEsource link
2. Click on Read, Study, Practice
3. Select Chapter Two
4. Go to CyberPsych
5. Click on the animation titled The Brain

After watching the animation, use the animation and your text to answer the following questions:

1. Why do psychologists study twins? Why do psychologists study children who have been adopted? What can be learned from these types of studies?

2. What are the functions of neurotransmitters and hormones? How do they influence the brain and behavior?

3. What is neuroplasticity?

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