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Survey Research and Designs: Strengths and Drawbacks

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What is survey research? What are some different types of survey-research designs? What are the strengths and what are the drawbacks associated with these designs?

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1. What is survey research?

Survey research involves one, or some combination of two, procedure(s): questionnaires and interviews.

o A questionnaire almost always is self-administered, allowing respondents to fill them out themselves. Here, the researcher arranges delivery and collection.

o An interview typically occurs whenever a researcher and respondent are face-to-face or communicating via some technology like telephone or computer. There are three subtypes of interviews: unstructured, which allows spontaneous communication in the course of the interview or questionnaire administration; structured, where the researcher is highly restricted on what can be said; and semistructured, which restricts certain kinds of communication but allows freedom on discussion of certain topics. (http://www.apsu.edu/oconnort/3760/3760lect04.htm).

2. What are some different types of survey-research designs?

The basic types of survey-research designs include:

(1) Cross-Sectional Surveys: Data are collected at one point in time from a sample selected to represent a larger population.

(2) Longitudinal Surveys include three types:

(a) Trend: Surveys of sample population at different points in time

(b) Cohort: Study of same population each time data are collected, although samples studied may be different

(c) Panel: Collection of data at various time points with the same sample of respondents (http://www.apsu.edu/oconnort/3760/3760lect04.htm).

3. What are the strengths and what are the drawbacks associated with these designs?

The longitudinal-research design collects more ...

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See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Marketing Research

Task -

7-10 slides with notes

Objective -

Use effective communication techniques.
Discuss the marketing research process, including problem definition, research design, data collection, data analysis and the use of the results.
Define different types of data.

Details: You are beginning to understand the market for high-end coffee brewers but to provide complete answers to your many questions, you believe you will need to perform some additional marketing research. JavaJoy has never had a formal marketing research process. Strategic and tactical decisions have typically been made based on management's personal experiences and views of the market. You think you detect a bit of "group think" among Hank and his senior management staff and you know you will need to do some educating to gain full support for your approach.

You decided to hold a meeting to explain the marketing process to Hank and his team. In order to explain this in a way Hank and his team will understand, you will create a PowerPoint presentation with detailed notes. Your PowerPoint presentation should define the problem, the data needed, data collection methods and how the data will be analyzed.


JavaJoy, Inc. was founded by Hank Sanchez in 1980. His vision was to elevate coffee to the epicurean level of fine wine. Hank's family had been in the coffee bean brokerage business for generations but he knew that even the finest and most carefully roasted coffee beans required an excellent brewing system to achieve a beverage with optimal flavor and aroma. He started JavaJoy to develop, manufacture and distribute high-end coffee brewing systems that would meet his exacting requirements.

JavaJoy has two primary sales channels. They market directly to the medium and large restaurant chains that maintain technical staffs who specify equipment like brewers. Sales to smaller chains, independent restaurants and institutions are generally made through a network of kitchen equipment suppliers (KES) that tend to be regional in focus. The JavaJoy product line is very well known and highly respected in the industry but, due to its high price, Hank had only enjoyed limited success until the market for gourmet coffee drinks exploded in the 1990's. With this new market growth, Hank wants to recast his 5-year strategy to take advantage of the expanding market.

You have been hired as JavaJoy's first Marketing Manager. You have questions about current market size, growth potential, buying habits, distribution channels, and competition, just to name a few. But you quickly realize that much of the existing market knowledge within JavaJoy is based on management experience and perception, which does not necessarily reflect the current reality of the booming market. You need to quickly sort out fact from opinion, determine how to clearly define the market(s) for beverage brewing equipment, and determine where these markets are heading so you can supply Hank with the information he needs to generate his revised strategy.

It's clear that Hank wants the company to grow, but how can this be accomplished? What are the possible alternative approaches, and which is best? What growth can be anticipated? What are the threats to growth? Remember that the ultimate decisions concerning how to grow constitute strategic planning. Your job at this point is to provide accurate and timely information to support that strategic planning process. To provide the answers you have to begin asking questions, gathering data, and developing information.

I need help getting started. Thank you.

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