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Person-Centered Theory and Therapy

What are two of the basic tenets of person-centered theory? What are some similarities and differences among person-centered, cognitive-behavioral, and psychodynamic theories with respect to how client problems arise and how people change?

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1. What are two of the basic tenets of person-centered theory?

Carl Rogers developed Person-Centered Therap. Its most basic tenet is that clients are the ultimate agents of self-change for their lives. (http://www.christiehunter.com/personality/person-centered-therapy.htm) As well, humans have a basic tendency to be self-actualizing, which is the goal of therapy (i.e. to help the client become more congruent and more self-actualizing).,

Other basic tenets include freedom, choice, values, responsibility, autonomy, purpose and meaning. (http://facultyfp.salisbury.edu/iewhite/The%20Humanistic%20Theories%20of%20Carl%20Rogers.htm)

2. What are some similarities and differences among person-centered, cognitive-behavioral, and psychodynamic theories with respect to how client problems arise and how people change?

In Rogers' Person-centered therapy, for example, six conditions necessary for effective Therapy including:

1. Client and therapist must make a difference in the phenomenological field of the other
2. Client is in a state of incongruence, therefore anxious
3. Therapist is in a state of congruence in relation to the client
4. Therapist provides unconditional positive regard
5. Therapist must empathize with client's phenomenology
6. Client must perceive what the therapist is doing (http://facultyfp.salisbury.edu/iewhite/The%20Humanistic%20Theories%20of%20Carl%20Rogers.htm)

Changes will occur when the above six conditions are met:

1. Feelings are expressed
2. Perceptions are made more clear and accurate
3. Incongruence is recognized between self and experiences
4. Anxiety and threat increase as a result of the incongruity, but Unconditional Positive Regard (UPR) does not necessitate the use ...

Solution Summary

Person-Centered Theory and Therapy points are clearly articulated in this posting.

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